Poultry disease

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Poultry diseases occur in poultry, which are domesticated birds kept for their meat, eggs or feathers.[1] Poultry species include the chicken, turkey, duck, goose and ostrich.[1]

Viral diseases[edit]

Side view of a yellow chick leaning forward, with its eye closed, beak wide open, and feathers in a disheveled state.
8 day old chick with difficulty breathing, due to an Avian influenza infection.

Parasitic diseases[edit]

Infestation of Echidnophaga gillinacea fleas on the comb and around the eye of a chicken

Bacterial diseases[edit]

Protozoal diseases[edit]

Fungal diseases[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Poultry species". Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  2. ^ de Wit, J.J. Sjaak; Cook, Jane K.A. (August 2020). "Spotlight on avian coronaviruses". Avian Pathology. 49 (4): 313–316. doi:10.1080/03079457.2020.1761010. PMID 32374218.
  3. ^ García, Maricarmen; Zavala, Guillermo (28 January 2019). "Commercial vaccines and vaccination strategies against infectious laryngotracheitis: what we have learned and knowledge gaps that remain". Avian Diseases. 63 (2): 325–334. doi:10.1637/11967-090218-Review.1. PMID 31251534. S2CID 195413194.
  4. ^ Barjesteh, Neda; O'Dowd, Kelsey; Vahedi, Seyed Milad (March 2020). "Antiviral responses against chicken respiratory infections: Focus on avian influenza virus and infectious bronchitis virus". Cytokine. 127: 154961. doi:10.1016/j.cyto.2019.154961. PMC 7129915. PMID 31901597.
  5. ^ Fatoba, A. J.; Adeleke, M. A. (2019). "Chicken anemia virus: A deadly pathogen of poultry". Acta Virologica. 63 (1): 19–25. doi:10.4149/av_2019_110. PMID 30879309.
  6. ^ Wernery, Ulrich (2016). "Viral diseases". In Samour, Jaime (ed.). Avian medicine (3rd ed.). Elsevier. p. 435. ISBN 9780723439554.
  7. ^ Nicholds, Jenny; Sellers, Holly S. (March 2020). "Viral arthritis in poultry". Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 21 August 2021.
  8. ^ Sparagano, Olivier A. E.; Ho, Jeffery (9 July 2020). "Parasitic mite fauna in Asian poultry farming systems". Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 7: 400. doi:10.3389/fvets.2020.00400. PMC 7363926. PMID 32733926.
  9. ^ George, David R; Finn, Robert D; Graham, Kirsty M; Mul, Monique F; Maurer, Veronika; Moro, Claire Valiente; Sparagano, Olivier AE (December 2015). "Should the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae be of wider concern for veterinary and medical science?". Parasites & Vectors. 8 (1): 178. doi:10.1186/s13071-015-0768-7. PMC 4377040. PMID 25884317.
  10. ^ Koehler, Philip G.; Pereira, Roberto M.; Kaufman, Phillip E. (13 November 2018). "ENY-244/MG236: Sticktight Flea, Echidnophaga gallinacea". University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
  11. ^ Coufal-Majewski, Stephanie; Stanford, Kim; McAllister, Tim; Blakley, Barry; McKinnon, John; Chaves, Alexandre Vieira; Wang, Yuxi (25 February 2016). "Impacts of cereal ergot in food animal production". Frontiers in Veterinary Science. 3: 15. doi:10.3389/fvets.2016.00015. PMC 4766294. PMID 26942186.
  12. ^ Beernaert, L. A.; Pasmans, F.; Van Waeyenberghe, L.; Haesebrouck, F.; Martel, A. (October 2010). "Aspergillus infections in birds: a review". Avian Pathology. 39 (5): 325–331. doi:10.1080/03079457.2010.506210. PMID 20954008.