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Preprotachykinins are precursor proteins that are modified into tachykinin peptides. Via alternative slicing and post-translational modifications, preprotachykinins produce multiple peptide neurotransmitters.
There are two human preprotachykinins:
- preprotachykinin-1 (also PPT-1, PPT-I, or PPT-A), which produces substance P and neurokinin A (also called "substance K"), and the derived neuropeptide K and neurokinin gamma.
- preprotachykinin-2 (also PPT-2, PPT-II, or PPT-B), which produces neurokinin B.