The Prévost reaction is chemical reaction in which an alkene is converted by iodine and the silver salt of benzoic acid to a vicinal diol with anti stereochemistry. The reaction was discovered by the French chemist Charles Prévost (1899–1983).
The reaction between silver benzoate (1) and iodine is very fast and produces a very reactive iodinium benzoate intermediate (2). The reaction of the iodinium salt (2) with an alkene gives another short-lived iodinium salt (3). Nucleophilic substitution (SN2) by the benzoate salt gives the ester (4). Another silver ion causes the neighboring group substitution of the benzoate ester to give the oxonium salt (5). A second SN2 substitution by the benzoate anion gives the desired diester (6).
- Charles Prévost (1933). "Sur un complexe iodo-argento-benzoïque et son application à l'oxydation des combinaisons éthyléniques en α-glycols". Comptes rendus. 196: 1129.
- Charles Prévost; C.A. 27, 3195 (1933)
- Wilson, C. V. (1957). "The Reaction of Halogens with Silver Salts of Carboxylic Acids". Organic Reactions. 9: 332–387. ISBN 0471264180. doi:10.1002/0471264180.or009.05.