Woodward cis-hydroxylation

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The Woodward cis-hydroxylation is the chemical reaction of alkenes with iodine and silver acetate in wet acetic acid to form cis-diols.[1][2]

The reaction is named after its discoverer, Robert Burns Woodward.

The Woodward cis-hydroxylation

This reaction has found application in steroid synthesis.[3]

Reaction mechanism[edit]

The reaction of the iodine with the alkene is promoted by the silver acetate, thus forming an iodinium ion (3). The iodinium ion is opened via SN2 reaction by acetic acid (or silver acetate) to give the first intermediate, the iodo-acetate (4). Through anchimeric assistance, the iodine is displaced via another SN2 reaction to give an oxonium ion (5), which is subsequently hydrolyzed to the give the mono-ester (6).

The mechanism of the Woodward cis-hydroxylation

References[edit]

  1. ^ Woodward, R. B., U.S. Patent 2,687,435
  2. ^ Woodward, R. B.; Brutcher, F. V. (1958). "cis-Hydroxylation of a Synthetic Steroid Intermediate with Iodine, Silver Acetate and Wet Acetic Acid". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 (1): 209–211. doi:10.1021/ja01534a053. ISSN 0002-7863. 
  3. ^ Mangoni, L.; Dovinola, V. (1969). "The stereochemistry of woodward cis-hydroxylation in some steroidal olefins". Tetrahedron Letters. 10 (60): 5235–5238. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)88931-0. ISSN 0040-4039. 

See also[edit]