Primary socialisation

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Primary socialisation (or primary socialization) in sociology is the acceptance and learning of a set of norms and values established through the process of socialization. Typically this is initiated by the family.

Primary socialisation occurs during childhood and is when a child learns the attitudes, values and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. For example if a child saw his/her mother expressing a discriminatory opinion about a minority group, then that child may think this behavior is acceptable and could continue to have this opinion about minority groups.

The idea of Primary Socialisation was proposed by Talcott Parsons as one of the "basic and irreducible" functions performed by the family, the other being the stabilisation of adult personalities. Parsons saw this process as maintaining society's value consensus.

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