Professor of Celtic (Glasgow)
|Chair of Celtic|
University of Glasgow
|First holder||Angus Matheson|
In 1942, dyestuff and chemical merchant James Crawford died, leaving a portion of his estate to the university to found a chair in Celtic language and literature. The chair was established in 1956 using these funds as well as contributions from the university's Ossianic Society and the Ross Trust. The first professor, Angus Matheson, was appointed that year. Matheson, formerly senior lecturer in Celtic at the university, remained in post until his death in 1962.
In 1963, Derick Thomson was appointed to the chair. Thomson, also known under his Gaelic name, Ruaraidh MacThòmais, had been lecturer in Welsh at the university from 1949 until 1956, when he became head of the Department of Celtic at the University of Aberdeen. He was editor of Scottish Gaelic Studies, a journal produced by the Aberdonian department, founded Gairm, a quarterly Gaelic magazine which ran for over fifty years under his editorship, and continues to write extensive poetry. He was awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of Letters by the university in 2007. When Thomson retired in 1991, he was succeeded by a fellow Aberdeen academic, Donald MacAulay, who had succeeded Thomson as editor of Scottish Gaelic Studies in 1978. MacAulay took over the chair in 1991, remaining at the university until 1995.
MacAuley was succeeded by Irish academic Cathair Ó Dochartaigh, who studied at Queen's University Belfast, received a Ph.D. from the University of Aberdeen, and lectured at the Department of Celtic at the University of Aberdeen between 1972 and 1983. He worked outside academia from 1984 to 1995 in Dublin and North Wales, before taking over the chair in Glasgow in 1995. Ó Dochartaigh was succeeded in 2005 by American academic Thomas Owen Clancy. Clancy studied at New York University, and received a Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh, and now specialises in Dark Age Celtic literature. In 2001, he put forward a theory that St. Ninian, an eighth century missionary among the Pictish peoples of what is now Scotland, was in fact a Northumbrian spin-off of St Finnian, the British missionary to whom St. Columba was a disciple. He argued that the confusion is due to an eighth century scribal spelling error, for which the similarities of "u" and "n" in the Insular script of the period were responsible.
The Chair of Celtic is based within the Department of Celtic and Gaelic, part of the School of Humanities in the College of Arts.
Professors of Celtic
- 2005 - Thomas Clancy
- 1995 - Cathair Ó Dochartaigh
- 1991 - Donald Macaulay
- 1963 - Derick Thomson
- 1956 - Angus Matheson
- "Chair of Celtic". University of Glasgow. 10 April 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Angus Matheson". University of Glasgow. 8 August 2008. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Derick Thomson". University of Glasgow. 5 May 2010. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Scottish Gaelic Studies journal". University of Aberdeen. Retrieved 20 August 2010.
- "Thomas Clancy". University of Glasgow. Retrieved 20 August 2010.