Pygmy bushtit

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Pygmy bushtit
Pygmy Tit (Psaltria exilis).jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Aegithalidae
Genus: Psaltria
Temminck, 1836
Species: P. exilis
Binomial name
Psaltria exilis
Temminck, 1836

The pygmy bushtit (Psaltria exilis) is a species of bird in the bushtit family Aegithalidae. It is monotypic within the genus Psaltria.[2] The species was once placed, along with the rest of its family, with the true tits, Paridae. Its relationship with other species in its family is uncertain, but is still placed within the family due to similarities in behaviour and vocalisations.[3]

It is endemic to Indonesia, where it occurs only on the island of Java. On Java it is restricted to montane forests and plantations above 1,000 m (3,300 ft) (occasionally down to 830 m (2,720 ft)) in the west of the island. It frequents conifer forest and other open forest types, and is often encountered on the forest edge.[3]

The pygmy bushtit is the smallest member of its family, and the smallest species of bird on Java. It is 8.5 to 8.7 cm (3.3–3.4 in) in length.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Psaltria exilis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pygmy Tit (Psaltria exilis)". The Internet Bird Collection. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b Harrap, Simon (2008), "Family Aegithalidae (Long-tailed Tits)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David, Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 13, Penduline-tits to Shrikes, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 76–101, ISBN 978-84-96553-45-3