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Pseudo-Barnabas (also referred to as "Barnabas of Alexandria") usually refers to the author of the Epistle of Barnabas and is considered an Apostolic Father,[1] but is not considered to be St. Barnabas by most modern scholars.[2] (Sometimes "Pseudo-Barnabas" is used to refer to the Gospel of Barnabas which most scholars consider to be a late medieval work, post-1300 CE. See Acts of Barnabas, too, for a third pseudepigraphical work attributed to the name Barnabas.)


The Epistle of Barnabas was written to recent Christian converts from paganism who were being taught by some Jewish Christians that the Mosaic Law was still in place.[2] In the second part of the Epistle Pseudo-Barnabas refers to two paths, Light and Darkness, which are open for humankind to follow, and it is widely believed that this part of the Epistle was based upon the teachings of Didache.[2] It is thought by many that the Epistle originated in Alexandria, Egypt.[2]