Pterois sphex

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Pterois sphex
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Family: Scorpaenidae
Subfamily: Pteroinae
Genus: Pterois
Species: P. sphex
Binomial name
Pterois sphex
D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1903[1]

Pterois sphex, the Hawaiian lionfish or Hawaiian turkeyfish, is a scorpaenid fish[2] found in the eastern Central Pacific, specifically in marine waters off of Hawaii. It is found in seaward reefs and lagoons at depths from 3 – 122 m.[3]


This fish has 13 dorsal spines and about 50–55 vertical scale rows (ctenoid scales).[4] It reaches a maximum length of 22 cm.[5]

Behavior and diet[edit]

The Hawaiian turkeyfish is a nocturnal feeder, preying on crustaceans. It hides in caves during the day.[6]