Punctulariaceae

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Punctulariaceae
Punctularia strigoso-zonata 128943.jpg
Punctularia strigoso-zonata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Corticiales
Family: Punctulariaceae
Donk (1964)
Type genus
Punctularia
Pat. (1895)
Genera

Dendrocorticium
Punctularia
Punctulariopsis

The Punctulariaceae are a family of fungi in the order Corticiales. The family in its current sense is based on molecular research and contains just three genera of corticioid fungi.

Taxonomy[edit]

History[edit]

The family was introduced by Dutch mycologist Marinus Anton Donk in 1964 to accommodate Punctularia, a genus of corticioid fungi whose species are distinguished by forming effused basidiocarps (fruit bodies) with the hymenium (spore-bearing surface) in patches, rather than evenly distributed over the surface. Donk placed the family within the Aphyllophorales.[1] The family was not, however, widely adopted, most mycological texts preferring to place all corticioid fungi (including Punctularia species) in the Corticiaceae.

Current status[edit]

Molecular research, based on cladistic analysis of DNA sequences, has resurrected and redefined the Punctulariaceae for a small clade of corticioid fungi distinct from the Corticiaceae and Vuilleminiaceae. At present, the family only contains a dozen or so species of the genera Dendrocorticium, Punctularia, and Punctulariopsis.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

All fungi within the family are wood-rotting saprotrophs, growing on dead attached branches of trees and shrubs. Distribution is cosmopolitan.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Donk MA. (1964). "A conspectus of the families of Aphyllophorales". Persoonia. 3: 199–324. 
  2. ^ a b Ghobad-Nejhad M, Nilsson RH, Hallenberg N (2010). "Phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus Vuilleminia (Basidiomycota) based on molecular and morphological evidence, with new insights into Corticiales". Taxon. 59 (5): 1519–1534.  (subscription required)