Scarlet flycatcher

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Scarlet flycatcher
Vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) male 2.JPG
in the Pantanal, Brazil
Not recognized (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Tyrannidae
Genus: Pyrocephalus
Species: P. rubinus
Binomial name
Pyrocephalus rubinus
(Boddaert, 1783)

The scarlet flycatcher or austral vermilion flycatcher (Pyrocephalus rubinus) is a species of flycatcher, closely related to the vermilion flycatcher. It is found in southeastern Bolivia and Brazil, Paraguay to Argentina and Uruguay. It is recognized as a species by some taxonomic authorities, including the International Ornithologists' Union. Others still consider it to be a subspecies of the vermilion flycatcher.

When Pieter Boddaert first described the scarlet flycatcher in 1783, from a specimen collected in Tefé, Brazil, he assigned it to the genus Muscicapa, believing it to be related to the many Old World flycatchers already belonging to that genus.[1] By the 1830s, however, taxonomists realized that Old World and New World flycatchers were not closely related, and the New World birds were moved from their former genera.

References[edit]

[1] [2] [3]

  1. ^ a b Farnsworth and Lebbin (2004), p. 375.
  2. ^ Hume, Julian P.; Walters, Michael (2012). Extinct Birds. London, UK: A & C Black. p. 227. ISBN 978-1-4081-5861-6. 
  3. ^ Olivares, Antonio; Munves, J. A. (October 1973). "Predatory Behavior of Smooth-Billed Ani" (PDF). The Auk. 90 (4): 891. doi:10.2307/4084373.