Quebec Major Junior Hockey League

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Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec
Current season, competition or edition:
Current sports event 2016–17 QMJHL season
Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.svg
Sport Ice hockey
Founded 1969
No. of teams 18
Country Canada
Most recent
Saint John Sea Dogs (3)
Most titles Gatineau Olympiques (7)
TV partner(s) Sportsnet
Sportsnet One
EastLink TV
TVA Sports
Official website

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. The league is often simply referred to as "The Q". The league comprises teams across the provinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. Since the departure of the Lewiston Maineiacs from Lewiston, Maine, the QMJHL is the only one of the three member leagues of the CHL that does not currently have teams located in the United States (the OHL has teams in Michigan and Pennsylvania while the WHL has teams in Washington and Oregon). The current Commissioner of the QMJHL is Gilles Courteau.

The President's Cup is the championship trophy of the league. The QMJHL champion then goes on to compete in the Memorial Cup against the OHL and WHL champions, and the CHL host team. The QMJHL had traditionally adopted a rapid and offensive style of hockey. Former QMJHL players hold many of the Canadian Hockey League's career and single season offensive records.

Hockey Hall of Fame alumni of the QMJHL include Mario Lemieux, Guy Lafleur, Ray Bourque, Pat LaFontaine, Mike Bossy, Denis Savard, Michel Goulet, Luc Robitaille, and goaltender Patrick Roy.

Member teams[edit]

Division Team City Arena Capacity
Blainville-Boisbriand Armada Boisbriand, Quebec Centre d'Excellence Sports Rousseau 3,269
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondville, Quebec Centre Marcel Dionne 2,889
Gatineau Olympiques Gatineau, Quebec Centre Robert Guertin 3,196
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec Aréna Iamgold 3,600
Sherbrooke Phoenix Sherbrooke, Quebec Palais des Sports 3,718
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Or, Quebec Centre Air Creebec 2,398
Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeau, Quebec Centre Henry-Leonard 2,779
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Saguenay, Quebec Centre Georges-Vézina 3,759
Quebec Remparts Quebec City, Quebec Centre Vidéotron 18,259
Rimouski Océanic Rimouski, Quebec Colisée de Rimouski 4,415
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawinigan, Quebec Centre Bionest de Shawinigan 4,350
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriaville, Quebec Colisée Desjardins 2,753
Acadie–Bathurst Titan Bathurst, New Brunswick K.C. Irving Regional Centre 3,162
Cape Breton Screaming Eagles Sydney, Nova Scotia Centre 200 5,010
Charlottetown Islanders Charlottetown, P.E.I. Eastlink Centre 3,718
Halifax Mooseheads Halifax, Nova Scotia Scotiabank Centre 10,595
Moncton Wildcats Moncton, New Brunswick Moncton Coliseum 6,450
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint John, New Brunswick Harbour Station 6,308


The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League was founded in 1969, through the merger of best teams from the existing Quebec Junior Hockey League and the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, declaring themselves a "major junior" league. Of the original eleven QMJHL teams, eight came from the QJHL, two from the MMJHL, and the Cornwall Royals, from Cornwall, Ontario, near the Quebec border, who transferred from the Central Junior A Hockey League. The Rosemont National and Laval Saints transferred from the MMJHL. The eight teams from the QJHL were the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and the Verdun Maple Leafs.

Most of the teams were within a few hours' drive of Montreal. From the first season in 1969–70, only Shawinigan remains in the same city with an uninterrupted history, although the team's name has changed to the Cataractes.

In 1972 the QMJHL had been in operation for three years, and wanted a team in the province's largest city. It threatened a lawsuit to force the Montreal Junior Canadiens of the Ontario Hockey Association into the Quebec-based league. Over the summer of 1972, the OHA granted the Junior Habs a "one-year suspension" of operations, while team ownership transferred the team and players into the QMJHL, renaming themselves the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge in the process. The OHA then reactivated the suspended franchise for the 1973–74 season in Kingston, Ontario, under new ownership and with new players, calling the team the Kingston Canadians.

QMJHL teams have won the Memorial Cup eleven times since 1969, with the Shawinigan Cataractes, Saint John Sea Dogs, the Granby Prédateurs, the Hull Olympiques, Halifax Mooseheads, and the Rimouski Océanic each winning once, the Quebec Remparts winning twice (once in their first edition 1969–1985, and once in their second edition 1997–present) and the Cornwall Royals winning three times.

Starting in 1994, the QMJHL began to expand further east, outside of Quebec. The "Q" filled the void in Atlantic Canada after the exodus of American Hockey League franchises, when the AHL had a strong presence in the 1980s and 1990s; all of the Maritime Division cities save for Bathurst, New Brunswick are former homes of AHL franchises. Teams in Atlantic Canada comprise the entire Eastern Division of the QMJHL.

In recent seasons, the QMJHL has been scouting players from the Atlantic Canada region along with a surge in players coming out of the New England area: the QMJHL has territorial rights to draft and recruit players from New England as part of an agreement where players from the United States can be drafted by the CHL league that is in a similar geographic area.

Canadian Hockey League records[edit]

This is a list of Canadian Hockey League career and single season records accomplished by QMJHL players.

Most goals, career
1st - 309 - Mike Bossy, Laval National (1972–77)
2nd - 281 - Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 278 - Normand Dupont, Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge, Montreal Juniors (1973–77)
Most assists, career
1st - 408 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 346 - Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
7th - 315 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins (1981–84)
Most points, career
1st - 595 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd - 580 - Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
4th - 575 - Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
Most goals, one season
1st - 133 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd - 130 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
4th - 104 - Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
5th - 103 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1969–70 (56 games)
6th - 100 - Gary MacGregor, Cornwall Royals, 1973–74 (66 games)
Most assists, one season
1st - 157 - Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (70 games)
2nd - 149 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
3rd - 136 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)
5th - 135 - Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th - 135 - Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
Most points, one season
1st - 282 - Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd - 251 - Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (67 games)
3rd - 234 - Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
4th - 227 - Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th - 216 - Real Cloutier, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (69 games)
6th - 214 - Jacques Cossette, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (68 games)
8th - 209 - Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
9th - 206 - Jacques Locas, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (63 games)
10th - 201 - Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
11th - 200 - Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)

Timeline of teams[edit]

Cities represented[edit]

Team Hometown Province/State Years Active
Cornwall Royals Cornwall Ontario 1969-1981
Plattsburgh Pioneers Plattsburgh New York 1984-1985
Laval Titan Laval Quebec 1969-1970; 1971-1998
Quebec Remparts Quebec City Quebec 1969-1985; 1997 to present
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondville Quebec 1969-1974; 1982 to present
Saint-Jerome Alouettes Saint-Jerome Quebec 1969-1971
Trois-Rivieres Draveurs Trois-Rivieres Quebec 1969-1992
Sorel Eperviers Sorel Quebec 1969-1977; 1980-1981
Verdun Juniors Verdun Quebec 1969-1971; 1977-1980; 1982-1989;

1991-1994; 2008-2011

Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge
Montreal Juniors
Montreal Rocket
Montreal Junior Hockey Club
Montreal Quebec 1969-1971
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawinigan Quebec 1969 to present
Sherbrooke Phoenix Sherbrooke Quebec 1969-1982; 1999-2003; 2012 to present
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Chicoutimi Quebec 1973 to present
Gatineau Olympiques Hull/Gatineau Quebec 1973 to present
Granby Prédateurs Granby Quebec 1981-1997
Saint-Jean Lynx Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu Quebec 1982-1995
Longueuil Chevaliers Longueuil Quebec 1982-1991
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriaville Quebec 1987 to present
Saint-Hyacinthe Laser Saint-Hyacinthe Quebec 1989-1996
Beauport Harfangs Beauport Quebec 1990-1997
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Or Quebec 1993 to present
Rimouski Océanic Rimouski Quebec 1995 to present
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Noranda Quebec 1996 to present
Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeau Quebec 1997 to present
Blainville-Boisbriand Armada Boisbriand Quebec 2011 to present
Moncton Wildcats Moncton New Brunswick 1995 to present
Acadie-Bathurst Titan Bathurst New Brunswick 1998 to present
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint John New Brunswick 2005 to present
Lewiston Maineiacs Lewiston Maine 2003-2011
Charlottetown Islanders Charlottetown Prince Edward Island 2003 to present
Halifax Mooseheads Halifax Nova Scotia 1994 to present
Cape Breton Screaming Eagles Sydney Nova Scotia 1997 to present
St. John's Fog Devils St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador 2005-2008

Memorial Cup champions[edit]

The Memorial Cup has been captured eleven times by QMJHL teams since the league's founding in 1969:

Trophies and awards[edit]

  • QMJHL Trophies Complete list of Trophy winners since 1969 from QMJHL web site
  • Trophy's first season being awarded in brackets.
Defunct trophies

See also[edit]


External links[edit]