Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur

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Qazan Khan ibn Yasaur
Khan of the Chagatai Khanate
Reignc. 1343 – 1346
PredecessorMuhammad I ibn Pulad
SuccessorDanishmendji
Tughlugh Timur
Diedc. 1346
SpouseBurla-khatun[1]
IssueSaray Mulk Khanum
HouseBorjigin
FatherYasa'ur
ReligionIslam

Qazan (died 1346) was khan of the Chagatai Khanate from c. 1343 until his death.

Biography[edit]

Qazan was the son of Yasa'ur, a Chagatayid prince who had revolted in the 1310s. Upon his accession to the throne, he attempted to increase his power within the ulus. These measures provoked the anger of the nobility, who threw their support behind the Qara'unas Amir Qazaghan. The two went to war in 1345; Qazan defeated Qazaghan in a battle north of the Iron Gates. Defeated and wounded, Qazaghan withdrew, but Qazan decided to spend the winter at his palace at Qarshi, allowing Qazaghan to rebuild his forces. In the next year he again fought Qazan's army and this time defeated it; Qazan was killed during the battle.[2]

Qazan's death marked the end of the effective power of the house of Chagatai within Transoxiana (except for a brief period from 1360 until 1363); the amirs seized control of the ulus and the khans ruled in name only.[3] The next khan, Danishmendji, was a puppet of Qazaghan, who became the effective leader of the ulus.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hasanli, Jamil (2014). Khrushchev's Thaw and National Identity in Soviet Azerbaijan, 1954–1959. Lexington Books. p. 124. ISBN 9781498508148.
  2. ^ Grousset, p. 342
  3. ^ Manz, p. 43

References[edit]

  • Grousset, Rene. The Empire of the Steppes: a History of Central Asia. Trans. Naomi Walford. Rutgers University Press: New Brunswick, NJ, 1970. ISBN 0-8135-1304-9
  • Manz, Beatrice Forbes. The Rise and Rule of Tamberlane. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1989. ISBN 0-521-63384-2
Preceded by
Muhammad ibn Pulad
Khan of Chagatai Khanate
1343–1346
Succeeded by
Danishmendji
Tughlugh Timur