Qualis (CAPES)

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Qualis is a Brazilian official system with the purpose of classifying scientific production. It is maintained by the Coordenadoria de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), a government agency linked to the Brazilian Ministry of Education.

Qualis has the task to classify and evaluate the academic means used on the production of scientific publications of post-graduate programs (such as master theses and doctoral dissertations). The classification itself occurs by a system of grades, per field of evaluation, and depends on the level of circulation (local, national or international) and on the quality of the journal (A, B, or C).


The classification is annually updated and follows a series of criteria defined by CAPES, such as: number of issues, indexation, number of publishing institutions, impact factor based on JCR, etc. The grades (so called "strata") occur in a 1–8 scale (A1, the highest; A2; B1; B2; B3; B4; B5; C — not listed).[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (Feb 2010). "Classification of journals in the QUALIS System of CAPES – Urgent need of changing the criteria!". Clinics (Sao Paulo). 65 (2): 121–123. doi:10.1590/S1807-59322010000200001. ISSN 1807-5932. PMC 2827696. PMID 20186293.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ribeiro, R. J., "Brazil", chap.7 in Maresi Nerad and Mimi Heggelund (Eds.) Toward a global PhD?: forces and forms in doctoral education worldwide, University of Washington Press, 2011, 353 pages. [1]
  • Delgado-Troncoso, J.E. and Fischman, G.E., "The future of Latin American journals", chap.16 in Bill Cope and Angus Phillips (Eds.) The Future of the Academic Journal, Chandos Publishing, 2014, 478 pages. [2]
  • Metze, K. "Bureaucrats, researchers, editors, and the impact factor - a vicious circle that is detrimental to science, Clinics, 65:10, doi:10.1590/S1807-59322010001000002
  • Rocha-e-Silva, M. "Impact factor, scimago indexes and the Brazilian journal rating system: where do we go from here?" Clinics, 65:4, doi:10.1590/S1807-59322010000400001
  • Ferreira, R.C.; Antoneli, F.; Briones, M. R. S. (2013). "The hidden factors in impact factors: a perspective from Brazilian science". Front Genet. 4: 130. doi:10.3389/fgene.2013.00130. PMC 3708068. PMID 23874351.

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