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R. K. Khadilkar
Rk khadilkar 1.gif
Raghunath Keshav Khadilkar
Born (1905-12-15)15 December 1905
Naringa Village, Taluk Devgad, District Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India
Died March 8, 1979(1979-03-08) (aged 73)
Nationality Indian
Education B.A., LL.B.
Alma mater Fergusson_College, ILS_Law_College
Occupation Union Minister, Freedom Fighter
Organization Congress_Socialist_Party, Indian_National_Congress, Peasants_and_Workers_Party_of_India

Raghunath Keshav Khadilkar (15 December 1905 - March 8 1979) was a union minister, freedom fighter, and a thought leader from Pune, Maharashtra.

During his term as Union Minister for Labour, Khadilkar, championed a formula [1] to raise the minimum bonus from 4% to 8.33% (1/12th of annual salary). The Bonus Review Committee appointed in 1971 endorsed what came to be known as the Khadilkar formula. The Government enforced this formula by the Payment of Bonus Act, 1972. Under the Act, the quantum of minimum bonus was raised to 8.33%[2]. This practice of giving one month’s salary as bonus to workers (especially during Diwali) is widely followed by households and businesses even today.

He served as Deputy Speaker, Lok Sabha from 1967-1969, Minister of Supply, from 1969-1971, and Minister of Labour and Rehabilitation in 1971.

As a social and political activist, Khadilkar served several terms of imprisonment between 1930 and 1945 during India’s freedom movement. He was one of the founder Members of the Congress Socialist Party in 1934, and elected member of its National Executive in 1936. He left Congress in 1948 to form the All India Peasants’ and Workers' Party with other colleagues. He was elected as its General Secretary in 1953. In 1955, he took a leading part in forming the All India Mazdoor Kisan Party, a coalition of seven leftist organizations, and was elected Secretary Convener of the Central Committee.

He was member of the second Lok Sabha elected from Ahmednagar as Mazdoor Kisan Party candidate in 1957. After completion of his term in 1962, he re-joined the Congress, consequent to the merger of the Mazdoor Kisan Party with the Congress. As a Congress candidate he won both the 3rd and 4th Lok Sabha elections from Khed in 1962 and 1967. In 1971, he won 5th Lok Sabha elections from Baramati, and became Union Minister for Labour.

On August 13, 1936, Khadilkar married Dr. Smt. Chapala R. Khadilkar[3], a noted gynecologist from Pune. He passed away in 1979, and is survived by four daughters.