RAF Compton Bassett
First opened as an RAF station in 1940 and used for radar training, it had no airfield. The site is often confused with RAF Yatesbury that was constructed partly within the parish of Compton Bassett in 1916. During the Second World War, RAF Yatesbury and RAF Compton Bassett were major Radio and Radar Training Schools, RAF Townsend a satellite landing ground and RAF Cherhill was No 27 Group Headquarters Technical Training Command.
After WW2 it became a trade training camp for certain ground Signals trades. Many thousands of newly recruited RAF personnel, most having just completed their 8 weeks basic training, were taught their RAF trade skills at RAF Compton Bassett, so as to become competent Wireless Operators, Teleprinter Operators, Telegraphists or Telephonists before being posted to work at RAF operational stations and airfields elsewhere in the United Kingdom or abroad. As well as their trade training, personnel experienced tougher service discipline at Compton Bassett than on operational stations. There were frequent parades involving military drill, regular "stand by your beds" inspections of personal appearance, kit inspections and inspections of barrack hut accommodation. Being put on a charge for not being up to required standard, resulting in Jankers, was very commonly experienced by personnel while being trade trained there.
It also became home of the Number 3 Radio School, which in the 1950s trained later washing machine entrepreneur John Bloom, The local coach company Cards of Devizes provided contracted coaches to the RAF, which on a Saturday afternoon would take the airmen to London on their 36-hour passes. Bloom decided with a friend who ran a coach company in Stoke Newington that they could underprice the Card/RAF's coaches. When Cards took Bloom to court, the judge upheld Bloom with a declaration that became Bloom's motto: "It's no sin to make a profit."
After the station closed in the 1960s, the housing around the camp continued to be used after the main station had shut by RAF staff working at RAF Lyneham and other nearby RAF stations. In the 1980s the housing was used for United States Air Force personnel stationed at airfields such as RAF Fairford and RAF Greenham Common. The housing was later sold to private buyers.
The site of RAF Compton Bassett is now known as Lower Compton, after petitioning by residents for a separate name, since it lies two miles from the village of Compton Bassett.
- "Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, sheet SU07". National Library of Scotland. 1959. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
- "RAF Compton Bassett: 1940-1964". Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- Tomaselli, Peter. "RAF Yatesbury". RAF Yatesbury Association. Retrieved 14 March 2016.
- "Life & Times of Donald Charles Williams". Donald Charles Williams. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- "Bloom at the Top". Time Magazine. October 13, 1961. Retrieved 2008-04-12.