RNLB Mary Stanford (ON 733)

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Daunt Rescue
A postage stamp was issued in 1974 to mark the 150th anniversary of the RNLI. This depiction of the rescue of the crew of the Daunt Lightship by the Ballycotton lifeboat RNLB Mary Stanford was chosen as the image to be represented on that postage stamp – Oil painting by B. F. Gribble
History
RNLI Flag
Name: Mary Stanford
Owner: RNLI
Builder: Saunders Roe Ltd, Cowes.
Cost: £9,402-15s–11d
Christened: 7 July 1931
Completed: 22 July 1930
Maiden voyage: 17 September 1931
In service: 1930
Out of service: 1959
Identification: ON733
Fate: Under restoration by The Mary Stanford Project
Donor: John Frederick Stanford, London.
Station Ballycotton
General characteristics
Class and type: Barnett
Tonnage: 2
Length: 51 ft
Installed power: 2 x six-cylinder 60hp Weybury C.6 petrol engines running at 1,200 rpm
Sail plan: auxiliary sail
Speed: 8.88 knots
Capacity: 100
Crew: 12
Notes: saved over 100 lives
For the lifeboat which capsized in Rye Harbour in 1928 with the loss of its 27 crew, see: RNLB Mary Stanford (ON 661)

RNLB Mary Stanford (ON 733) was the Ballycotton Lifeboat from 1930 to 1959. Ballycotton is on Ireland's southern coast, a trade route to the Americas. There are many dangerous rocks and shallows with on-shore prevailing winds. Ballycotton has a long tradition of life-saving. Mary Stanford had 41 "shouts"[1] and saved 122 lives. She performed the notable Daunt Lightship rescue on 11 February 1936. After her withdrawal from service she lay for some years in a backwater of Dublin's Grand Canal Dock, but has now been returned to Ballycotton for restoration.[2]

Ballycotton[edit]

The RNLI established a lifeboat station in Ballycotton in 1858.[3] There is a long history of life saving at Ballycotton. The first to be acknowledged by the Royal National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck was when they awarded a silver medal in 1826.[4] On 21 December 1825, the vessel Britannia was wrecked in Ballycotton Bay. Her Master, the only survivor, lashed himself to a rock. There he remained for seven hours. In spite of the danger, a local man, Dennis Cronen rowed out and rescued him and then sheltered him in his cottage for four days.

There were many early rescues by coastguards.[5] For example, on 13 December 1850, in a violent storm, the Mountaineer was being driven onto rocks at Dunmanus Point. The coastguards rowed out to assist, and got on board. Then their boat was smashed on the rocks. Fortunately the Mountaineer was carrying a cargo of timber and although damaged, remained afloat. Using their local knowledge, the coastguards were able to steer the Mountaineer to mud flats and beach her. The rescue of the 28 crew of the Mountaineer resulted in the award of one gold and five silver Lifesaving Medals to Lieutenant Goss and the men of Dunmanus Coastguard Station.[6]

RNLI[edit]

The current lifeboat Austin Lidbury and the new lifeboat station.

The need for a purpose-built lifeboat was evident. The boat was delivered in time for the visit of the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward in 1858. The lifeboats prior to the Mary Stanford were all powered by oars and sail. As ships became larger the need for a motorised craft was realised. On 12 December 1928, the RMS Celtic was wrecked at Roche's Point, Cobh. At the time of her launch in 1901, she was the largest ship in her day, one of the "Big Four", the first to exceed 20,000 tons, dwarfing the Ballycotton Lifeboat, which came to the rescue.

The Mary Stanford was named on 7 July 1930 by Mrs. Louisa Cosgrave, wife of President Cosgrave. The cost, £11,000, was donated by Mr. J.F. Stanford, of London.[7] There was a previous lifeboat, named Mary Stanford. Two years earlier, it had capsized with the loss of all 17 crew in Rye Harbour, England.[8] The new Mary Stanford would be more fortunate. She would save many lives, including the famous rescue of the Daunt Lightship.

Daunt Lightship Puffin[edit]

Daunt Rock has always been a hazard to shipping. The first lightship was stationed there by the Irish Lights Board in 1864 following the wreck of the City of New York on the rock. Lightvessel Puffin took up this duty. There was a severe gale on 8 October 1896 and the Puffin vanished. [9] The wreck was not found until a month later, on 5 November 1896.[10] The remains of the crew were never located. In folklore they remain at their post, as a ghost ship, appearing to warn of impending danger.[11]

Daunt rescue[edit]

On 10 February 1936 a south-eastern gale, with rain and snow, developed into a hurricane. Mountainous waves were crashing over the pier and breakwater transforming the harbour into a seething cauldron, the spray was flying over the lantern of the 196-foot-high (60 m) lighthouse;[12] "stones, some a ton in weight, were being torn from the quay and flung about like sugar lumps".[13] At 8 am next morning an SOS was received: the LV Comet, on station at Daunt rock, had broken from her moorings and was drifting dangerously. Without waiting for orders, in horrendous conditions, Coxswain Patrick ("Patsy") Sliney took Mary Stanford to sea. Comet was not at Daunt rock, she was riding at anchor a quarter-mile away. Other ships arrived, but dare not approach the Comet in such conditions. Lightships are not 'lightweight', they are heavy: built for endurance. The Comet was being tossed around by the waves, were it to hit another ship, that ship would suffer serious damage.

Mary Stanford made several attempts to get a steel cable aboard the Comet. Every time they did, a terrible wave crashed the ships further apart and the cable snapped. When darkness fell, Mary Stanford headed for Cobh to get stronger cables. The Innisfallen and HMS Tenedos (H04) stood by. The Lifeboat crew had been, all day, without food. They ate, slept for three hours and received a change of clothing. Early next morning (Wednesday) Mary Stanford returned to Daunt rock. The sea was just as stormy. It was now enveloped by a thick fog. It was impossible to effect a rescue. The lifeboat remained in the storm all day and all night. The Commissioners of Irish Lights vessel ILV Isolda had arrived and stood by while Mary Stanford went to Cobh at 7 am to refuel, and promptly returned.

That evening, the storm increased. Comet drifted closer to Daunt rock. When she was 60 yards from the rock, as darkness approached, the Coxswain decided the only option was to try to get alongside and for the crew to jump for the lifeboat. He knew the dangers. On the first attempt, one man got on board, on the second attempt no one jumped; a third time, and five men were safe. The lifeboat went in a fourth and fifth time, and again no one was able to make it. Two men were still on board, clinging to the rails, too exhausted to jump. On the sixth attempt, as the Mary Stanford came alongside, the two were seized by the lifeboat crew and dragged aboard. (This moment was depicted on the postage stamp)[14]

They then went to Cobh and disembarked the rescued at 11 pm and then returned to Ballycotton. Mary Stanford had been away for 79 hours. [15] The crew had only three hours sleep during the 63-hour rescue (from leaving Ballycotton to disembarking Comet's crew at Cobh), they all suffered from colds, saltwater burns and hunger.

A Gold Medal was awarded to Coxswain Patrick Sliney, Silver Medals to Second Coxswain John Lane Walsh and Motor Mechanic Thomas Sliney, and Bronze Medals to Crew Members Michael Coffey Walsh, John Shea Sliney, William Sliney and Thomas Walsh. This rescue became legend. It was depicted by marine artists.[16] It featured in popular books.[17] When a postage stamp was issued to commemorate the 150th anniversary of the RNLI, this rescue was chosen. The design of the stamp was based on the painting by Bernard Gribble,[18] which depicts the last two lightshipmen being pulled on to the lifeboat.

Other rescues[edit]

Languishing in Grand Canal Dock

Mary Stanford had many other rescues to her credit. The years of the Emergency (as World War II was known) were difficult. There was a serious risk from drifting mines. On 27 January 1941 a mine exploded on the Ballycotton shore, demolishing the curate's house and smashing the windows in the church.[7]

Rescues which merited medals were:

  • On 30 January 1941, there was a strong wind, thick fog and drifting mines. The eight man crew of the SS Primrose of Liverpool were rescued just as she was sinking.[7] Bronze medal awarded.[3]
  • On 23 December 1943, the Irish Ash was in difficulties. This rescue took 30 hours. They managed to bring the ship to safety in Cobh. One silver and two bronze medals were awarded.[7]

Some rescues involved the Cliff Rescue Team. On 1 February 1947, the Irish Plane was driven onto rocks below cliffs, west of Ballyshane. The Mary Stanford was called out. Attempts to pull the Irish Plane off the rocks failed as she had been holed and started to break-up. As the lifeboat couldn't get close enough, because of the rocks, the crew of the Irish Plane were rescued by the Cliff Rescue Team.

Epilogue[edit]

Naomh Éanna and Mary Stanford

Mary Stanford retired and on 16 September 1959 she was replaced by Ethel Mary. Lifesaving continues at Ballycotton; there have been many callouts, including during the 1979 Fastnet race. Two Gold, seven Silver, and eight Bronze medals have been awarded to Ballycotton lifeboatmen. Since March 1998, Ballycotton has been served by Trent Class lifeboat Austin Lidbury.[3]

The Daunt Lightship Comet survived. After she was sold, she became Radio Scotland, a Pirate radio station.[19]

Coxswain Patsy Sliney retired in 1950, he had taken part in the rescue of 114 lives and was awarded Gold, Silver and Bronze Medals .

Mary Stanford was a reserve lifeboat from 1959 until 1969 when she was sold to the Limerick Harbour Commissioners, where she served as a harbour pilot launch until the mid-1980s. An organisation called the "Irish Nautical Trust" announced plans to establish a floating museum in Grand Canal Dock. They were given a number of historic craft on the understanding that they would be preserved.[20] Without funding the work was abandoned. Subsequently, further boats were refused admission to the dock without assurance that they would be preserved.[21] Mary Stanford lay for some years in Hanover Dock, a backwater of Grand Canal Dock, beside Naomh Éanna which served the Aran Islands.

A group was formed to return Mary Stanford to Ballycotton by April 2014[22][23] where restoration work began the same year.[2]

Effective services[edit]

Mary Stanford, October 2011
Effective Services
Date ship home port action saved
17 September 1930 Fishing Yawl Boozer Ballycotton saved yawl 2
19 October 1930 Steam Trawler Phineas Beard London assistance  
10 August 1931 Yacht Ailsa Southampton assisted to harbour  
26 March 1932 Steam Trawler Macaw Milford stood by  
27 October 1932 Fishing Boat St. Mary and a punt Ballycotton escorted  
15 December 1934 Steamship Lady Martin Dublin escorted  
11 February 1936 Daunt Rock lightvessel Comet     8
2 May 1936 Steam Trawler Evaristo Perez Vigo assistance  
2 May 1936 Steam Trawler Teresa Camposa Vigo assistance  
16 May 1937 Ketch Garlingstone Milford Haven stood by  
2 January 1939 Motor Drifter Yankee Girl Ballycotton escorted  
30 July 1939 Motor Fishing Boat Point Girl Ballycotton saved boat & 4
23 August 1940 Motor Fishing Boat Point Girl Ballycotton saved boat & 4
19 November 1940 Steamship Nestlea Newcastle landed 22
20 November 1940 Steamship Nestlea Newcastle helped  
20 November 1940 Steamship Nestlea Newcastle saved a boat  
30 January 1941 Steamship Primrose Liverpool saved 8
29 April 1941 Ship's boat   saved boat  
12 March 1942 Ship's raft   saved raft  
15 December 1942 Steam Trawler Dereske Milford Haven assisted  
23 December 1942 Steamship Irish Ash Dublin saved vessel & 35
23 January 1943 Fishing Boat Emily Ballycotton saved boat & 4
15 January 1945 Drifter Ptide of Rosslare Dunmore East escorted  
26 April 1945 Fishing Boat Emily Ballycotton saved boat & 2
6 November 1947 Steam Trawler East Coast Milford Haven assisted to save vessel & 9
12 September 1949 Yacht Betty Cork escorted  
11 October 1949 Daunt Rock lightvessel   landed injured man  
10 January 1950 Irish torpedo boat M4   gave help  
8 February 1950 Steamship Joseph Mitchell London saved 13
11 December 1950 Fishing punt Ballycotton saved boat & 2
13 March 1952 Motor punt Ballycotton escorted  
6 August 1952 Fishing boat Rapid Ballycotton gave help  
10 September 1952 Fishing boat Irish Leader Dublin saved boat & 2
10 September 1952 Fishing boat St Mary Ballycotton gave help  
9 July 1953 Fishing boat Irish Leader Dublin gave help  
26 October 1954 Schooner Windermere Dublin escorted  
4 June 1955 Fishing boat Inis Caol Dublin saved boat & 2
16 November 1955 Fishing boat Maid of Loughshinney Dublin saved boat & 2
15 January 1956 Fishing boat St Mary Cork saved boat & 2
4 April 1958 Fishing boat Pride Helvick saved boat & 3
10 June 1958 Fishing boat Ballycotton saved boat & 1
10 June 1967 Fishing boat Cait Schull gave help  
Source: appendix 3 Leach, Nicholas (2009). Ballycotton Lifeboats. Landmark Publishing. ISBN 9781843064725. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ "shouts" = went on 41 rescues
  2. ^ a b "The Mary Stanford Project". Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "History". Ballycotton Lifeboat. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Lot 214 : Royal National Institute for the Preservation of Life From Shipwreck silver medal, type 1, engraved (Dennis Cronen), complete with silver ring". Artfact Auctions. 1998. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Daly, Tony. "coastguards of yesteryear". Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  6. ^ Cox, Brian. Lifeboat Gallantry. Spink & Son. ISBN 0907605893. 
  7. ^ a b c d "The Life & Times of the Church & Community of Ballycotton; 1921 – 1930". The Mary Stanford. Scoil Réalt na Mara, Ballycotton. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  8. ^ "The 'MARY STANFORD' Disaster". Rye Harbour Lifeboat Station. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  9. ^ Blaney, Jim (1996). "Puffin Lightvessel". Beam Magazine. The commissioners of Irish Lights. 5 (25). Retrieved 28 March 2009. 
  10. ^ "Shipwrecks of Cork Harbour". Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  11. ^ "The Phantom Ship". Phantoms of the Sea. Waterford County Museum. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  12. ^ "Ballycotton". Ballycotton lifeboat station. ballycotton.com (non-profit making). Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  13. ^ "Daunt Rescue" (PDF). The Famous Daunt Rescue. Midleton News. 25 September 2008. Retrieved 29 March 2009. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Rescue at sea (2)". Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  15. ^ "Ballycotton History". Royal National Lifeboat Institution. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  16. ^ Thompson, Tim. "The Daunt Rock Lightship Rescue". oil painting. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  17. ^ Boys' Book of the Sea. p. 64. Retrieved 27 March 2009. 
  18. ^ "Ballycotton Lifeboat Postage Stamp Ireland 1974". Nick Gribble. Retrieved 31 March 2009. 
  19. ^ "Lightships in the Irish Lighthouse Service". Commissioners of Irish Lights. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  20. ^ Leech, Ballycotton, page 58
  21. ^ Goggin, Brian (Autumn 2002). "Death of a dock" (PDF). Inland Waterways News. Inland Waterways Association of Ireland. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  22. ^ "The Mary Stanford Project". Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  23. ^ "Heritage Boats in Grand Canal Dock". On-line Journal of Research on Irish Maritime History. 11 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]