Rabb

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Rabb (Arabic: رب, lit.'lord') is often used in Arabic to refer to God as lord or master.[1] The term is used by Arabic-speaking Muslims, Christians, and Jews; the latter also use it in reference to Jesus.[2][3]

In the Quran, God refers to himself as "Rabb" in several places. When it is used with the definite article (al-Rabb) the Arabic word denotes "the Lord (God)". In other cases, the context makes it clear as to whom the word is referring to, in this case, "rabb" refers to "owner, master", for example rabb al-Dar (رَبُّ ٱلْدَّار) means "master of the house/residence". Rabb is also a common and acceptable first and/or last name throughout the world.

God in Islam is referred to by many qualities and attributes. In the first surah, al-Fatihah of the Quran, introduces this title "rabb" in the first verse, "All praise and gratitude is due to God, Rabb of all the worlds and Universe", thus stating clearly that God takes care, nourishes, fosters through every stage of existence, in which everything between that exists.

In the Indo-Gangetic plain, especially in the Punjab region, the term "Rabb" or "Rab" is used by Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus and Christians to refer to God.[3]

See also[edit]

  • Rabbi – Hebrew word with a similar etymology
  • Rebbe – Yiddish term derived rabbi, it mostly refers to the leader of a Hasidic Jewish movement.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yuskaev, Timur R. (18 October 2017). Speaking Qur'an: An American Scripture. Univ of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-61117-795-4. Indeed, "lord" is a direct translation of the Arabic word rabb.
  2. ^ Wan, Enoch (2004). Christian Witness in Pluralistic Contexts in the 21st Century. William Carey Library. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-87808-385-5. After the rise of Islam, Jews, Christians, and Muslims used "Allah" for Elohim and "theos" when they quoted or translated the Bible in Arabic as they did in their dialogues together. Arabicish versions have tended to transliterate Yahweh or use the word rabb (Lord) as Jews used adonai.
  3. ^ a b Singh, Wazir (1990). Sikhism and Punjab's Heritage. Punjabi University. For instance 'Rabb' is the most popular name of God in Punjabi. Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs frequently use this Arabic word which means Lord or Master.