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Rachad (Arabic رشاد) is an Algerian political movement. Its stated objective is to break with political practices in place since independence and ensure, through "non-violent means", that the Algieran state complies with "the rule of law", democratic legitimacy and participation and "good governance".[1] It calls upon the Algerian people to overthrow the government by peaceful mass protests, arguing that the government is controlled by a military junta largely responsible for the horrors of the Algerian Civil War and for the country's economic and social malaise. The movement has the reputation for having a high "intellectual calibre of the leadership" and for transcending the gulf between secular and Islamist politics.[2]

Rachad was founded in 2007[3] by a number of Algerian opponents of the current government, including Abbas Aroua, Mourad Dhina, Rachid Mesli, Mohamed Samraoui, and Mohamed Larbi Zitout (who comprise the movement's secretariat, and all live in exile),[4] and others living in Algeria whose identity has not been made public. In September 2008, its founding member Abbas Aroua, through the Cordoba Foundation, organised a conference in Geneva, "Perspectives on political change in Algeria", which brought together Algerians from a variety of political perspectives who oppose the current system, including Rachad, to agree on a set of shared principles.[5] Along with other groups across the political spectrum, it called for a boycott of the 2009 presidential elections;[6] afterwards, it condemned the reported results as fraudulent (as later confirmed by Wikileaks in 2011[7]), and claimed that the true participation rate was just 16%.[8] The organisation has made extensive use of TV and the Internet to spread its ideas, with spokespersons appearing on major channels including Aljazeera.[9] In January 2011, as unprecedented large-scale protests began in Algeria, it called upon its supporters to join demonstrations against the system. Rachad's pronouncements have been supportive of the Arab Spring uprisings, including the overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in Libya,[10] while condemning the Algerian political reforms undertaken by the Bouteflika régime as a "masquerade".[11]


  1. ^ "Charter of the Rachad Movement". Rachad. 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  2. ^ Victoria Brittain (2007-05-07). "A warning for Turkey". The Guardian. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  3. ^ "Algérie: Création à Londres d'un mouvement d'opposition" [Algeria: Creation of an opposition movement in London] (in French). allAfrica.com. 2007-04-21. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  4. ^ "Le Mouvement Rachad" (in French). Rachad. 2011-01-13. Archived from the original on 2012-05-14. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  5. ^ [1] Archived December 28, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Une parodie d'élections à condamner, à boycotter et à en refuser les résultats" [A parody of elections to condemn, boycott and refuse the results of] (in French). Rachad. 2009-03-19. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  7. ^ "09ALGIERS370". Wikileaks. Archived from the original on 2011-01-27. 
  8. ^ "16% est le vrai taux de participation à la parodie d'élections du 9 avril 2009" [16% is the real participation rate of the electoral parody of 9 April] (in French). Rachad. 2009-04-10. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  9. ^ Rachad's means of communication include Rachad TV and the YouTube channels YouRachad and TvRachad
  10. ^ "Rachad se félicite de la victoire du peuple libyen sur le dictateur de Tripoli" [Rachad applauds the victory of the Libyan people over the dictator of Tripoli] (in French). Rachad. 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  11. ^ "La mascarade des réformes politiques en Algérie" [The masquerade of political reforms in Algeria] (in French). Rachad. 2012-02-21. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 

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