Radulfus Ardens

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Radulfus Ardens (Raoul Ardens) (died ca. 1200) was a French theologian and early scholastic philosopher of the twelfth century. He was born in Beaulieu, Poitou.

He is known for his Summa de vitiis et virtutibus or Speculum universale (universal mirror). It is in 14 volumes and is a systematic work of theology and ethics.

In his time he was celebrated as a preacher, and a large number of his sermons survive. He was under the influence of Gilbert de la Porrée.[1] He is thought to have been a student of Peter the Chanter.[2]

He served as a chaplain to Richard I of England, through most of the 1190s.[1]


  • Johannes Gründel, Die Lehre des Radulfus Ardens von den Verstandestugenden auf dem Hintergund seinen Seelenlehre, Munich et al.: Schöningh, 1976, (=Veröffentlichungen des Grabmann-Institutes zur Erforschung der mittelalterlichen Theologie und Philosophie; N.F., vol. 27 Münchener Universitäts-Schriften, Fachbereich katholische Theologie), simultaneously Munich, Univ., Habil.-Schr., 1966. ISBN 3-506-79427-2.


  1. ^ a b Stephen C. Ferruolo, The Origins of the University: The Schools of Paris and Their Critics, 1100-1215 (1985), p. 193.
  2. ^ Joseph H. Lynch, Simoniacal Entry Into Religious Life from 1000 to 1260 (1976), note p. 140.

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