|Born||28 January 1913|
Kapadvanj, Bombay presidency British India
|Died||2 January 2010 (aged 96)|
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Alma mater||MSU Baroda|
Rajendra Keshavlal Shah (28 January 1913 – 2 January 2010) was a lyrical poet who wrote in Gujarati. Born in Kapadvanj, he authored more than 20 collections of poems and songs, mainly on the themes of the beauty of nature, and about the everyday lives of indigenous peoples and fisherfolk communities. In his poems using Sanskrit metrics, he was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore. He is considered as one of the giants of post Gandhi-era in Gujarati literature.
Among his various professions, Shah was also a publisher in Mumbai, where he launched the poetry magazine Kavilok in 1957. The press itself became an important Sunday meeting-place for Gujarati poets. Apart from writing poetry, Shah also translated into Gujarati Tagore's poetry collection Balaaka; Jayadeva's Gita Govinda; Coleridge's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner; and Dante's The Divine Comedy.
Shah won the Jnanpith Award for 2001. The judges noted, "his intensity of emotion and innovation in form and expression which set him apart as a poet of great significance. The mystical tone of his poetry stems from the tradition of great medieval masters like Narsinh Mehta, Kabir and Akho."
In 1930, he discontinued from the study, as he was arrested in Civil disobedience movement and sentenced to the jail. In 1931, he married Manjula Agrawal. Later, in 1934, he earned his bachelors in philosophy from The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, and thereafter, started his career by teaching school students in Ahmedabad.
He died on 2 January 2010 in Mumbai.
- Dhvani (1951)
- Andolan (1952)
- Shruti (1957)
- Morpinchh (1959)
- Shant Kolahal (1962)
- Chitrana (1967)
- Kshan je Chirantan (1968)
- Vishadne Saad (1968)
- Madhyama (1978)
- Ikshana (1979)
- Udgiti (1979)
- Patralekha (1981)
- Prasana Saptak (1982)
- Dwasupama (1983)
- Panch Parva (1983)
- Vibhavan (1983)
- Chandan Bhini and Anamik (1987)
- Aranyak (1992)
He won Kumar Chandrak in 1947, Ranjitram Suvarna Chandrak in 1956. He received Sahitya Akademi Award (1963) for his book Shant Kolahal. He is also a recepiant of Aurobindo Suvarna Chandrak presented (1980) by Gujarati Sahitya Parishad, Sahitya Gaurav Puraskar (1992) and Narsinh Mehta Award 1999. He received Jnanpith Award, considered to be India's highest literary award, in 2001
- Mehta, Deepak B. (August 2003). "In love with the world". Frontline. 20 (16).
- Lal, Mohan, ed. (1992). "Shah, Rajendra Keshavlal". Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. 5 (2001 ed.). Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. pp. 3944–45.
- Shah, Rajendra Keshavlal (25 July 2003). "'I Write What My Inner Voice Says'". Outlook (Interview). Interviewed by Darshan Desai. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- Mehta, Harit (19 July 2003). "At 90, Jnanpith winner Rajendra creative as ever". The Times of India. Ahmedabad. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "Meet the Author: Rajendra Shah" (PDF). Sahitya Akademi. Retrieved 19 September 2017.
- Suguna Ramanathan and Rita Kothari (1998). Modern Gujarati Poetry: A Selection. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 85. ISBN 81-260-0294-8.
- "Gujarati poet Rajendra Shah(97) passes away". DeshGujarat News from Gujarat. 3 January 2010. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- "Third Gujarati to win Jnanpith". The Hindu. New Delhi. 18 July 2003. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
- Jani, Jyotish (1992). "Shant Kolahal". In Lal, Mohan (ed.). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature. 5 (2001 ed.). Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. p. 3972.
- Rajendra Shah on GujLit