Ramsay Hunt syndrome

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At least three separate neurological syndromes carry the name of Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS), their only connection being that they were all first described by James Ramsay Hunt (1872–1937):

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome type II is the reactivation syndrome of herpes zoster in the geniculate ganglion. It has variable presentation which may include a lower motor neuron lesion of the facial nerve, deafness, vertigo, and pain.[3][4] A triad of ipsilateral facial paralysis, ear pain, and vesicles in the auditory canal and auricle is typical for Ramsay Hunt Type II.
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome type III is a less commonly referenced condition, an occupationally induced neuropathy of the deep palmar branch of the ulnar nerve. It is also called Hunt's disease or Artisan's palsy.[5]


  1. ^ "Ramsay Hunt Syndrome". Retrieved 2011-05-12. 
  2. ^ "NINDS Dyssynergia Cerebellaris Myoclonica Information Page". National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Hunt JR (1907). "On herpetic inflammations of the geniculate ganglion: a new syndrome and its complications". J Nerv Ment Dis 34 (2): 73–96. doi:10.1097/00005053-190702000-00001. 
  4. ^ Sweeney CJ, Gilden DH (August 2001). "Ramsay Hunt Syndrome". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 71 (2): 149–54. doi:10.1136/jnnp.71.2.149. PMC 1737523. PMID 11459884. 
  5. ^ http://www.ramsayhunt.org/epon.shtml Ramsay Hunt Syndrome