|Location||Alto Bío Bío, Chile|
|Deaths||477 workers and Mapuches; 6 soldiers|
|Victims||Chilean forestry workers and peasants; Mapuche|
|Assailants||Chilean Army and Carabineros, commanded by Arturo Alessandri
Humberto Arriagada Valdivieso
|Motive||repressing peasant land seizures|
The Ranquil massacre (Spanish: matanza de Ránquil) was a massacre of forestry workers by the Chilean Army in the upper Bio-Bio River in 1934. The upper Bio-Bio region had recently been opened for Chilean and foreign settlers due to the occupation of the Araucania, and huge extensions of former Mapuche land were available. The workers rebelled against the lumber mill administrators, later the Chilean Army was called to restore order. 477 workers and Mapuches were killed as result. Around 500 prisoners were taken.
- Klubock, Thomas Miller (2010). Ránquil: Violence and Peasant Politics on Chile's Southern Frontier. A Century of Revolution: Insurgent and Counterinsurgent Violence during Latin America's Long Cold War (Duke University Press). pp. 121–159.
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