September 8, 1923|
Cada village, Khunzakhsky District, Dagestan
|Died||November 3, 2003
|Title||Hero of Socialist Labour (1974)|
Rasul Gamzatovich Gamzatov (Avar: ХӀамзатил Расул, IPA: [ħamzatil rasul]; Russian: Расу́л Гамза́тович Гамза́тов; IPA: [rɐˈsul ɡɐmˈzatəvʲɪtɕ ɡɐmˈzatəf] ( listen); 8 September 1923 – 3 November 2003) was probably the most famous poet writing in the Avar language. Among his poems was Zhuravli, which became a well-known Soviet song.
He was born on September 8, 1923, in the Avar village of Tsada in the north-east Caucasus. His father, Gamzat Tsadasa, was a well-known bard, heir to the ancient tradition of minstrelsy still thriving in the mountains. He was eleven when he wrote his first verse about a group of local boys who ran down to the clearing where an airplane had landed for the first time. His father was the teacher who taught him the art of writing poetry. A number of different poems of Rasul Gamzatov also became songs, such as "Gone sunny days".
The monument to Gamzatov was unveiled on 5 July 2013 on Yauzsky Boulevard in central Moscow.
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (27 September 1974)
- Order of St. Andrew (8 September 2003) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national literature and public activities
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (18 April 1999) - for outstanding contribution to the multinational culture of Russia
- Order of the Friendship of Peoples (6 September 1993) - for outstanding contribution to the development of the multinational Soviet literature and productive social activities
- Four Orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, four times
- Order of Peter the Great
- Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius (Bulgaria)
- Lenin Prize (1963) - for the book "High Star"
- Stalin Prize, third class (1952) - a collection of poems and the poems "The year of my birth"
- State Prize of the RSFSR, Gorky (1980) - for the poem "Take care of mothers'
- People's Poet of Daghestan
- International Award for "Best Poet of the 20th century"
- Writers Award in Asia and Africa "Lotus"
- Jawaharlal Nehru Award
- Ferdowsi Award
- Award of Hristo Botev
- International Prize Sholokhov in art and literature
- Award Lermontov
- Award Fadeeva
- Award Batyr
- Award Mahmoud
- C. Award Stalskiy
- G. Award Tsadasy
- Order of the Golden Fleece (Georgia)
- Elena Polyudova (2016). Soviet War Songs in the Context of Russian Culture. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-443-88974-2.
- Tatiana Smorodinskaya (2013). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture. Routledge. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-136-78785-0.
- Prominent Russians: Rasul Gamzatov, Russiapedia Literature
- "Unveiling of a monument to Rasul Gamzatov". kremlin.ru. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- "President Vladimir Putin wished Dagestan poet and public figure Rasul Gamzatov a happy 80th birthday". kremlin.ru. 8 September 2003. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- http://www.gamzatov.ru - Official site, coordinated by Ministry of national politics, information and foreign affairs of Dagestan (in Russian and in English).
- Gamzatov poetry
- http://gazeta.ru/2003/11/03/umerrasulgam.shtml - Necrology at http://gazeta.ru (in Russian)
- http://www.dagpravda.ru/ob/rasul01-11-03.htm - Obituary in "Dagestanskaja Pravda" (in Russian)
- Расул Гамзатов - Я СМОТРЮ НА АРАРАТ (in Russian)