|Died||3 November 2003 (aged 80)|
|Title||Hero of Socialist Labour (1974)|
Rasul Gamzatovich Gamzatov (Avar: ХӀамзатазул Расул ХӀамзатил вас, IPA: [ħamzatil rasul]; Russian: Расу́л Гамза́тович Гамза́тов, IPA: [rɐˈsul ɡɐmˈzatəvʲɪtɕ ɡɐmˈzatəf] (listen); 8 September 1923 – 3 November 2003) was a popular Avar poet. Among his poems was Zhuravli, which became a well-known Soviet song.
Gamzatov was born on 8 September 1923 in the Avar village of Tsada in the north-east Caucasus. His father, Gamzat Tsadasa, was a well-known bard, heir to the ancient tradition of minstrelsy still thriving in the mountains. He was eleven when he wrote his first verse about a group of local boys who ran down to the clearing where an airplane had landed for the first time. A number of different poems by him also became songs, such as Gone Sunny Days.
A monument to Gamzatov was unveiled on 5 July 2013 on Yauzsky Boulevard in central Moscow.
Honours and awards
- Hero of Socialist Labour (27 September 1974)
- Order of St. Andrew (8 September 2003) - for outstanding contribution to the development of national literature and public activities
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd class (18 April 1999) - for outstanding contribution to the multinational culture of Russia
- Order of the Friendship of Peoples (6 September 1993) - for outstanding contribution to the development of the multinational Soviet literature and productive social activities
- Four Orders of Lenin
- Order of the October Revolution
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour, four times
- Order of Peter the Great
- Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius (Bulgaria)
- Lenin Prize (1963) - for the book "High Star"
- Stalin Prize, third class (1952) - a collection of poems and the poems "The year of my birth"
- State Prize of the RSFSR, Gorky (1980) - for the poem "Take care of mothers'
- People's Poet of Daghestan
- International Award for "Best Poet of the 20th century"
- Writers Award in Asia and Africa "Lotus"
- Jawaharlal Nehru Award
- Ferdowsi Award
- Award of Hristo Botev
- International Prize Sholokhov in art and literature
- Award Lermontov
- Award Fadeeva
- Award Batyr
- Award Mahmoud
- C. Award Stalskiy
- G. Award Tsadasy
- Order of the Golden Fleece (Georgia)
- Elena Polyudova (2016). Soviet War Songs in the Context of Russian Culture. Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 178. ISBN 978-1-443-88974-2.
- Tatiana Smorodinskaya (2013). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture. Routledge. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-136-78785-0.
- "Unveiling of a monument to Rasul Gamzatov". kremlin.ru. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- "President Vladimir Putin wished Dagestan poet and public figure Rasul Gamzatov a happy 80th birthday". kremlin.ru. 8 September 2003. Retrieved 11 February 2017.
- http://www.gamzatov.ru - Official site, coordinated by Ministry of national politics, information and foreign affairs of Dagestan (in Russian and in English).
- Gamzatov poetry
- http://gazeta.ru/2003/11/03/umerrasulgam.shtml - Necrology at http://gazeta.ru (in Russian)
- https://web.archive.org/web/20040707115614/http://www.dagpravda.ru/ob/rasul01-11-03.htm - Obituary in "Dagestanskaja Pravda" (in Russian)