Redman Hirahara Farmstead
Redman Hirahara Farmstead is a complex including a historic house designed by William Weeks (1897) and a vernacular barn in the Pajaro Valley, south of Watsonville, California. A Japanese American owned farm which was maintained by local citizens during the internment of Japanese Americans in World War II and was returned to the Hirahara family after the war, it is on the National Register of Historic Places.The barn included a living unit prior to the war and was expanded postwar to house other returning Japanese families.
This Victorian house was designed by architect William Weeks, in 1897 for James Redman, who died in 1921. In 1937, it was sold for $69,575 to J. Katsumi Tao, a naturalized citizen and relative of the Hiraharas. Tao sold it to Fumio Hirahara (age 16) in 1940 for $10.00.
Pajaro Valley Japanese Americans were removed in 1942 under Executive Order 9066 and the Hirahra's were sent to Rohwer War Relocation Center in Arkansas. The Hirahara family returned from Arkansas on June 4, 1945 and reoccupied the property. Additions to the carriage barn on the property were made in order to provide housing for other Japanese American's who did not have homes to which they could return.
The house was constructed in 1897 and designed by William H. Weeks, who was responsible for the design of hundreds of unique buildings throughout California. It was a classic Queen Anne — it featured a rounded corner tower with a turret, gables with meticulously carved panels, Palladian windows and dentil molding. The intricate detailing that Weeks designed for the exterior of the home could also was found inside — expensive and decorative wood, including eastern oak and bird’s eye maple, were used for doors, mantles, and window casings.
Author and Hirahara descendant, Naomi Hirahara, describes a visit in the 1950s, “One favorite spot for all the grandchildren, grand-nephews, and grand-nieces was just on the side of the curved staircase on the first floor”.
Salvage Archaeology around the House was carried out in Summer of 2005 and reported on by Charr Simpson-Smith and Rob Edwards.The soil stratigraphy showed cultural strata interspersed with silt lenses of episodic flooding. The foundation for the front porch had been repaired, possibly after 1906 quake. The distribution of artifact categories indicated the greatest activity occurred at the back door(32), front door(7), side door (3) and side of house with no door (2) . An extraordinary artifact was found near the back door, an "Imari industry" decorated bowl dated to the 1800s which would classify it as a “heritage’ item as the Hirahara family first occupied the Farmstead in the 1930s.
The barn was estimated to have been built around 1900, about the same time as the Victorian. The barn was 1 and ½ story with an attached lean to element. One small living unit was built prewar. In this room between the layer of a 1937 newspaper and two upper layers of wallpaper, portions of the Japanese book The Autobiography of Osugi Sakae was nailed to the wall. Osugi Sakae (1885-1923) was a rebel, anarchist and martyr.
In popular culture
- Edwards, R.L. and Simpsom-Smith, C.A. "A Hane Family Remembrance: Living in the Carriage Barn". Pajaro Valley Historical Society Archive in Watsonville, Ca. 2010.
- "The Redman-Hirahara House: California's Queen Anne Curiousity | CIRCA Old Houses | Old Houses For Sale and Historic Real Estate Listings". circaoldhouses.com. Retrieved 2017-03-21.
- Deed dated July 2, 1940. Santa Cruz County Records, Volume 390, Page 396.
- Nakane, Kazuko (2008). Nothing Left in My Hands:The issei of a Rural California Town, 1900-1942. Hayday Press.
- "Liberty Lost, Lessons In Loyalty Commemorative Program Reenactment of 1942 Evacuation" (PDF). wscjacl.files.wordpress.com. April 27, 2002.
- Sideman, Roger (July 28, 2005). "Historic Find at Redman: Cabrillo Students uncover evidence of how local Japaneses Americans lived after internment". Register-Parajonian.
- Redman-Hirahara Farmstead, pp-44000582, CA-SCR-357H: Redman-Hirahara House Excavation Report, Summer 2005, Charr Simpson-Smith and Rob Edwards, on file California State Northwest Information Center Rhonert Park, Ca. Page 49-50
- National Register of Historic Places Form:(04000734, listed 7/27/04)
- Redman-Hirahara, P44-000582, CA-SCR-357H: Carriage Barn Metadata Report by Char Simpson-Smith and Rob Edwards, Summer 2005. on file California State Northwest Information Center, Rhonert Park, Ca.
- The Autobiography of Osugi Sakae translated by Byron K. Marshall, University of California Press, 1992
- Hirahara, Naomi (2013). Strawberry Yellow. Prospect Park Books. ISBN 978-1-938849-02-2.