Reichstag is a German word which in political terms means Parliament but directly translated is Diet of the Realm or National Diet or Imperial Diet. It may refer to:
Reichstagsgebäude, the specific German word for Parliamentary buildings, often simply shortened to Reichstag. In this context it may refer to:
- Reichstag (building), the building in Berlin where German Parliaments met from 1894 to 1933 and again since 1999
- Reichstag dome, an addition to the Reichstag by Norman Foster
- Parliament House, Helsinki (Swedish: Riksdagshuset)
- Parliament House, Stockholm (Swedish: Riksdagshuset)
Various historic legislative bodies in German-speaking countries have been referred to as Reichstags, including:
- Imperial Diet (Holy Roman Empire), in German called the Reichstag from about 15th century, but earlier known as the Hoftag (777–1806)
- Imperial Diet (Austria), the first elected parliament of Austria (1848–1849)
- Reichstag (North German Confederation), the first parliament of Germany (1860–1871)
- Reichstag (German Empire), parliament of the German Empire (1871–1918)
- Reichstag (Weimar Republic), parliament of the Weimar Republic (1919–1933)
- Reichstag (Nazi Germany), pseudo-parliament of the Third Reich (1933–1945)
- Scandinavian parliamentary bodies which bear or bore the name Riksdag are also called Reichstag when referred to in the German language; these words have the same origin.
- Synod of Worms (1076), an Imperial Diet convened by the Emperor Henry IV which sought to depose Pope Gregory VII
- Diet of Worms (1521), at which Martin Luther was declared a heretic.
- Diet of Augsburg, noteworthy sessions of the Imperial Diet in 1530 and 1555.
- Reichstag Peace Resolution (1917), an unsuccessful attempt by the Reichstag of the German Empire to end the First World War
- Reichstag fire (1933), which provided a pretext for the Nazis to seize power
- Reichsrat (disambiguation) (roughly "Imperial Council"), a smaller, more powerful legislative body in several German-speaking countries, similar to the Upper House of a Parliament
- Bundestag (Berlin U-Bahn), the underground station at the Reichstag building, known as Reichstag station until 2006
- Rigsdagen, the parliament of Denmark from 1849 to 1953
- Riksdag, the parliament of Sweden and the parliament of Finland (the latter is called eduskunta in Finnish)
- Riksråd, generic name in Scandinavian countries for various Councils of the Realm
- In modern Germany, the Bundestag and Bundesrat are the two chambers of parliament
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