Reinforced-Concrete Highway Bridges in Minnesota MPS
Reinforced-Concrete Highway Bridges in Minnesota MPS is a Multiple Property Submission of bridges listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Minnesota. The submission includes 20 individual bridges. It also includes the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Grade Separation, which comprises 30 bridges built over the Milwaukee Road tracks one block north of Lake Street in Minneapolis. The submission traces the historical context of reinforced concrete bridge building in Minnesota and cites examples of early and historic bridges.
The submission establishes criteria for bridges to be listed on the National Register. The National Register contains four primary criteria:
- A. Properties significant to the broad patterns of American history. This Multiple Property Submission selects bridges that are significantly relevant to a region's development and its transportation system. The bridges in the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Grade Separation are listed in this category because while its bridges are not significant engineering achievements, they provided relief to citizens in south Minneapolis who had to deal with train traffic.
- B. Properties associated with a significant person in America's past. However, bridges significant in conjunction with their architect are to be listed under criterion C. It is possible, although unlikely, that a particular bridge may be associated with a significant person other than its designer, such as a politician or city official who advocated for its construction.
- C. Properties significant for their design and construction methods. The Minnesota Historical Society, in preparing this MPS, decided to select bridges with important qualities. For example, a bridge that is the oldest of its type, the last surviving member of its type, having the longest span of its type, or associated with a prominent major architect, will be selected as part of this MPS.
- D. Properties with information potential likely to yield information pertinent to history or prehistory. This is not applicable to reinforced-concrete bridges in Minnesota.
The MPS also documents several eras that were important in reinforced-concrete bridge construction:
- Early experimental designs from the 1890s through 1911
- Early standardized designs promoted by the Minnesota Highway Commission from 1912 through 1921
- A period of Minnesota Highway Department, trunk highway, and major urban bridge building from 1921 through 1945
The Franklin Avenue Bridge and the Mendota Bridge are listed in the MPS as examples of monumental concrete arch bridge construction, but these bridges were listed on the National Register before the MPS was submitted.
|Landmark name||Image||Date listed||Location||City or Town||Summary|
|1||Bridge No. 3355-Kathio Township||June 29, 1998||US-169 over Whitefish Cr.
|2||Bridge No. 3589-Silver Creek Township||June 29, 1998||US-61 over Stewart R.
||Silver Creek Township|
|3||Bridge No. 5083-Marshall||June 29, 1998||MN 19 over Redwood R.
|4||Bridge No. 5151-Marshall||June 29, 1998||MN 19 over Redwood R.
|5||Bridge No. 8096||June 26, 1998||MN 19 over Spring Cr.
|6||Bridge No. L-2162||November 6, 1989||Co. Rd. 51 over Split Rock Creek
|7||Bridge No. L-2315||November 6, 1989||Twp. Rd. 89 over Rock River
|8||Bridge No. L-2316||November 6, 1989||Twp. Rd. 89 over Rock River
|9||Bridge No. L-4646||November 6, 1989||Sixth St. over Spring Brook
|10||Bridges No. L-5853 and 92247||November 6, 1989||Lexington Ave. in Como Park
||St. Paul||Early reinforced-concrete bridges built using the Melan system for reinforcement|
|11||Broadway Bridge||August 5, 1999||MN 99 over Minnesota River, Oshawa Twp.
|12||Cedar Avenue Bridge||November 6, 1989||Tenth Ave. over Mississippi River
|13||Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad Grade Separation||June 1, 2005||Parallel to 29th St. between Humboldt & 20th Aves. S.
|14||Faribault Viaduct||November 6, 1989||Division St. over Straight River
|15||Intercity Bridge||November 6, 1989||Ford Pkwy. over Mississippi River
|16||Interlachen Bridge||November 6, 1989||William Berry Dr. over Minnesota Transportation Museum street railway track in William Berry Park
|17||Lester River Bridge-Bridge No. 5772||September 6, 2002||London Rd. over the Lester R.
|18||Nymore Bridge||November 6, 1989||First St. over Mississippi River
|19||Queen Avenue Bridge||November 6, 1989||W. Lake Harriet Blvd. over Minnesota Transportation Museum street railway track
|20||Robert Street Bridge||November 6, 1989||Robert St. over Mississippi River
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Reinforced-Concrete Highway Bridges in Minnesota" (PDF). Minnesota Historical Society. 1989-09-22. Retrieved 2009-01-20.