If C is a complex plane curve given by the zeros of a polynomial f(x,y) of two variables, and L is a line meeting C transversely and not meeting C at infinity, then
where the sum is over the points of intersection of C and L, and fx, fxy and so on stand for partial derivatives of f (Griffiths & Harris 1994, p. 675). This can also be written as
where κ is the curvature of the curve C and θ is the angle its tangent line makes with L, and the sum is again over the points of intersection of C and L (Griffiths & Harris 1994, p. 677).
- Griffiths, Phillip; Harris, Joseph (1994), Principles of algebraic geometry, Wiley Classics Library, New York: John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-471-05059-9, MR 1288523
- Segre, Beniamino (1971), Some properties of differentiable varieties and transformations: with special reference to the analytic and algebraic cases, Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete, 13, Berlin, New York: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 978-3-540-05085-8, MR 0278222
- Akivis, M. A.; Goldberg, V. V.: Projective differential geometry of submanifolds. North-Holland Mathematical Library, 49. North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1993 (chapter 8).