Religious fraud

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Religious fraud is a term used for civil[1][2] or criminal fraud carried out in the name of a religion[3][4] or within a religion, e.g. false claims to being kosher[5][6] or tax fraud.[7]

A specific form of religious fraud is pious fraud (Latin: pia fraus), whereby one employs lies and/or deception in order to convince others of the truth of one's own religion or specific religious claims. Sometimes these involve 'white lies': the perpetrator may think it more important to make others accept a certain belief than that the method is truthful; this end justifies the means of a lie.[8] A well-known example is the Shroud of Turin, a late Medieval fabrication that supposedly was the clothing in which Jesus would have been buried in the 1st century.[9]


  1. ^ Civil Law: Using Secular Law to Assure Observance of Practices with Religious … K Greenawalt - South California Law Review, 1997
  2. ^ On Balance: Religious Liberty and Third-Party Harms. JC Lipson - Minnesota Law Review, 1999
  3. ^ Privilege, Posture and Protection Religion in the Law; Weiss, Jonathan. Yale Law Journal. 593 (1963-1964)
  4. ^ Profit without honor: White-collar crime and the looting of America. SM Rosoff, HN Pontell, RH Tillman
  5. ^ Kosher Fraud Statutes and the Establishment Clause: Are They Kosher? MA Berman - Colum. JL & Soc. Probs., 1992
  6. ^ University of Dayton Law Review (1997-1998). Can Kosher Fraud Statutes Pass the Lemon Test: The Constitutionality of Current and Proposed Statutes; Lindsay, Karen Ruth Lavy
  7. ^ The effect of religiosity on tax fraud acceptability: A cross-national analysis. S Stack, A Kposowa, 2006
  8. ^ Weiland, P. (1858). Kunstwoordenboek, of verklaring van allerhande vreemde woorden, benamingen, gezegden en spreekwijzen, die, uit verscheidene talen ontleend, in de zamenleving en in geschriften, betreffende alle vakken van kunsten, wetenschappen en geleerdheid, voorkomen (in Dutch). Rotterdam: D. Bolle. Retrieved 10 June 2018.
  9. ^ Robert Tod Carroll (24 January 2014). "pious fraud". The Skeptic's Dictionary. Retrieved 10 June 2018.