René Quinton (1866–1925), was a French physiologist and aviation pioneer.
Quinton worked as assistant at the Laboratoire de Pathologie Physiologique in the Collège de France. He studied temperatures and salt concentration between species. Quinton observed that ocean water is quite similar to human blood and made it drinkable and injectable.
His work was significant in the development of aviation. Quinton co-founded the Aero Club de France. In 1908, he also founded the first school for pilots in the world named Ligue Nationale Aérienne with Ferdinand Ferber. Quinton worked with Paul Doumer, André Michelin and Paul Painlevé. Quinton was a member of a Parisian group of literary personalities called the "Forty-five," who honoured achievements in literature, sciences and arts. In May 1908 Ferber addressed the group at Quinton's suggestion and after he received a standing ovation for his accomplishments in aviation, Quinton was inspired to establish a 10,000 francs prize for the first person to fly for 5 minutes with engine stopped and without losing more than 50 metres altitude.
- Quinton, le sérum de la vie, Maxence Layet et Jean-Claude Rodet, Paris, France: Editions Guy Trédaniel, 2008, ISBN 978-2-7029-0637-8
- L'Eau de mer, milieu organique, Masson, édition Encre, Paris, 1904. Book available on the website Gallica
- "Miscellaneous Prizes: the René Quinton Prize", Flight, 17 April 1909
- Le plasma de Quinton, le sérum de la vie
- Book 'Beber agua de mar. Teniendo en cuenta las leyes del Dr. Hamer sobre la autocuración', 168p., 2012, in Spanish
- Book 'L`Eau de Mer, Milieu Organique', 518p., 1904, only in French, in Gallica
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