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A report or account is any informational work (usually of writing, speech, television, or film) made with the specific intention of relaying information or recounting certain events in a widely presentable form.
A report is an informational work made with the specific intention of relaying information or recounting certain events in a widely presentable and scrutinized form. Reports are often conveyed in writing, speech, television, or film.
Reports fill a vast array of informational needs of a spectrum of audiences unless they are technical ones. Reports are used for keeping track of information, which may be used to make decisions. Written reports are documents which present focused and salient content, generally to a specific audience. Reports are used in government, business, education, science, and other fields, are often to display the result of an experiment, investigation, or inquiry.
Reports use features such as tables, graphics, images, voice, or specialized vocabulary in order to persuade that specific audience to undertake an action. One of the most common formats for presenting reports is IMRAD: Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion. This structure is standard for the genre because it mirrors the traditional publication of scientific research and summons the ethos and credibility of that discipline. Reports are not required to follow this pattern, and may use alternative patterns like the problem-solution format.
Additional elements often used to persuade readers include: headings to indicate topics, to more complex formats including charts, tables, figures, pictures, tables of contents, abstracts, and nouns summaries, appendices, footnotes, hyperlinks, and references.
Some examples of reports are:
- annual reports
- auditor's reports
- book reports
- bound reports
- retail reports
- census reports
- credit reports
- demographic reports
- expense report
- experience report
- inspection reports
- military reports
- police reports
- policy reports
- progress reports
- recommendation reports
- investigative reports
- scientific reports
- trip reports
- white papers
- appraisal reports
- workplace reports
- Customer relationship management
- Data quality
- Decision support system
- Enterprise application integration
- Enterprise resource planning
- Global Reporting Initiative
- Grey Literature International Steering Committee – International guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports
- Management information system
- Reporting (disambiguation)
- "Report - definition of report by The Free Dictionary". TheFreeDictionary.com.
- "Report". archive.org.[unreliable source?]
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Reports or an explanation about them
- Geopolicity - Publications (Iraq 2013 Health Care Sector Outlook, UAE 2013 Real Estate, New Silk Road)
- Link, Morton and Hill, Winfrey (1970). Hill-Link Minority Report of the Presidential Commission on Obscenity and Pornography. Random House.
- United States Immigration Commission (1933). Abstracts Of Reports Of The Immigration Commission, With Conclusions And Recommendations And Views Of The Minority. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 1-4366-1613-1.
The process of writing reports
- Blicq, Ronald (2003). "Technically-Write!". Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-114878-8.
- Gerson, Sharon and Gerson, Steven (2005). Technical Writing: Process and Product. Prentice Hall. ISBN 0-13-119664-2.
- Lannon, John (2007). Technical Communication. Longman. ISBN 0-205-55957-3.
- Grey Literature International Steering Committee (GLISC), Guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports: how to write and distribute grey literature, Version 1.1