Requirements Interchange Format
|Developed by||Object Management Group|
|Type of format||exchange file format|
RIF/ReqIF (Requirements Interchange Format) is an XML file format that can be used to exchange requirements, along with its associated metadata, between software tools from different vendors. The requirements exchange format also defines a workflow for transmitting the status of requirements between partners. Although developed in the automotive industry, ReqIF is suitable for lossless exchange of requirements in any industry.
In 2004, HIS (Herstellerinitiative Software) a consortium of German automotive manufacturers, defined a generic requirements interchange format called RIF.
The format was handed over in 2008 to ProSTEP iViP e.V. for further maintenance. A project group responsible for international standardization further developed the format and handed over a revised version to Object Management Group (OMG) as Request for Comment in 2010.
As the acronym RIF had an ambiguous meaning within the OMG, the new name ReqIF was introduced to separate it from the W3C`s Rule Interchange Format.
In April 2011, the version 1.0.1 of ReqIF was adopted by OMG as a formal specification (OMG Document Number: formal/2011-04-02).
In October 2013, version 1.1 was published (OMG Document Number: formal/2013-10-01). Changes are restricted to the text of the standard, the XML schema and underlying model have not changed. Therefore, 1.1 and 1.0.1 .reqif files are equivalent.
In July 2016, version 1.2 was published (OMG Document Number: formal/2016-07-01). Like with the previous versions, changes are restricted to the text of the standard, the XML schema and underlying model have not changed. Therefore, 1.2, 1.1 and 1.0.1 .reqif files are equivalent.
ReqIF is an exchange file format for exchanging requirements, attributes, additional files (e.g. images) across a chain of manufacturers, suppliers, sub-suppliers and the like. A GUID ensures unique identification of content across the process chain.
Requirements are typically elicited during the early phase of product development. This is the primary application of ReqIF, as development across organizations is happening more and more often. ReqIF allows for sharing of requirements between partners, even if different tools are used. In contrast to formats like Word, Excel or PDF, ReqIF allows for a loss-free exchange.
ReqIF was pioneered by automotive manufacturers, who started to demand the use of ReqIF in particular for the development of embedded controllers.
ReqIF is also used as the underlying data model for tool implementations. This is particularly true for the ReqIF Reference implementation (Eclipse RMF), which is being used by an implementer forum, that aims to ensure interoperability of various ReqIF implementations. ReqIF Server is another tool that natively uses ReqIF.
RIF/ReqIF is a standardized meta-model, defined by an XML schema. Such files must conform to the schema and contain the description of the model (the datatypes), as well as the data. A successful data exchange between various tools only succeeds, if all parties agree on a common data model. The previously mentioned implementor forum is working on such a common model and also organizes tests with tools of the participating manufacturers, to ensure future interoperability.
Structure of ReqIF files
An OMG ReqIF file consists of XML with the root element REQ-IF, containing information regarding the file itself as well as the contained datatypes and requirements.
The containers for requirements in ReqIF are called specification objects (SpecObject), which have user-defined attributes. Each attribute has a data type, which is one of Boolean, Integer, Real, String, Enumeration (with user-defined values) and XHTML, which is also for formatted text and embedded objects, including images. Some datatypes can be constrained further, e.g. the range of numerical values.
Relationships between objects are represented as SpecRelations, which can also have attributes.
At last, hierarchical trees create a structured view on SpecObjects, called Specifications. Multiple references on the same SpecObject are permitted.
- Open Up - How the ReqIF Standard for Requirements Exchange Disrupts the Tool Market., Requirements Engineering Magazine, Issue 2014-03, as of 15.9.2014
- ReqIF Implementor Forum, ProSTEP website, as of 28.5.2013
- http://www.reqif.de/index.php/intro.html ReqIf Server Homepage, as of 30.5.2013
- ReqIF 1.2 Specification, OMG website, as of 10.1.2016
- ReqIF Quick Reference, ReqIF.academy, as of 10.1.2016 (registration required)
- HIS: Spezifikationen (German)
- ProSTEP iViP page with Information and Specifications (German)
- Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF): Request for Comments (English)
- OMG: Requirements Interchange Format (ReqIF) Specification (English)
- Free ReqIF viewer for Windows (no installation needed) (English)
- ReqIF.academy: Free library of ReqIF information (references, checklists, software, etc.) (English)