October 5, 1942 |
Tongchon, Kangwon, Korea
|Service/branch||Korean People's Army Ground Force|
|Years of service||1959–2012|
|Revised Romanization||I Yeong-ho|
Vice Marshal Ri Yong-ho (Chosŏn'gŭl: 리영호; Hancha: 李英浩; MR: Ri Yŏngho; born 5 October 1942) is a former North Korean military officer who was Chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army from 2009 to 2012, as well as a member of the central presidium of the Workers' Party of Korea from September 2010 to July 2012.
Early life and education
After graduation, Ri Yong-ho worked as chief of staff of a division, director of the operations department of an army corps, head of a training center, vice-director of the operations department of the general staff, its deputy chief and head of a training center of the KPA. He was promoted to lieutenant general in 2002, and served as commander of the Pyongyang Defence Command from 2003 to 2009. He became a rising star in 2003 as a result of his appointment as the head of the military unit guarding the capital city and the Kim family.
He was appointed Chief of the General Staff of the KPA in February 2009. He was elected a member of the Presidium of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea as well as vice-chairman of the Central Military Commission at the Party Conference held on 28 September 2010. He was also promoted to Vice Marshal immediately before the Conference. Afterwards, he appeared jointly with Kim Jong-il on several occasions, and he gave the keynote speech during the military parade in October celebrating the WPK's 65th anniversary. In December 2011, he and leader Kim Jong-un led the funeral procession through the streets of Pyongyang after the death of Kim Jong-il. Ri led a parade on 25 April 2012, marking the 80th anniversary of the foundation of the North Korean military.
Dismissal and possible death
On 16 July 2012, North Korean state media reported Ri Yong-ho had been relieved of all his Party duties, namely his Presidium Committee membership, Politburo membership, and Party Central Military Commission vice-chairmanship, stating this move was due to unspecified illness. A spokesman for the South Korean Ministry of Unification said the move was "very unusual". The meeting at which his removal was announced was attended by the entire Presidium, Politburo members and candidate members, making ill health seem implausibly minor. Ri was replaced by Hyon Yong-chol in the role of the Chief of the General Staff. On July 20, 2012, unconfirmed reports from North Korea alleged that Ri had died or been injured in a firefight with Political Bureau troops. A 2015 report stated that Ri Yong-ho had been executed in 2012. Some reports suggest that this may mark a shift in power between the political leadership and the armed forces, with the political leadership in the ascendant.
In November 2012,the South Korean media reported that Ri was believed to be under house arrest.
A BBC report in February 2016 stated that Ri had last been seen in early January during the nuclear test, in the company of Kim Jong-un, and that according to unconfirmed South Korean reports he had since been executed.
- Ramstad, Evan (16 July 2012). "Korean General's Departure Seen as a Purge". The Wall Street Journal.
- Ramstad, Evan (17 July 2012). "Pyongyang Repositions Military". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
- "Profiles of Presidium and Members of Political Bureau", KCNA, 29 September 2010.
- "North Korea military head Ri Yong-ho 'relieved of post'". BBC News. 16 July 2012.
- Sangwon Yoon (17 July 2012). "North Korea Promotes General After Kim Jong Un Fires Army Chief". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- KCNA: North Korea names Hyon Yong Chol as new military chief
- "The Chosun Ilbo (English Edition): Daily News from Korea - N.Korean Army Chief 'Refused to Go Quietly'". chosun.com. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Kim Jong-Un May Have Just Suppressed a Coup". The Atlantic Wire. July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
- "Kim Jong-un's reign of terror continues". Korea Times. Retrieved 2016-01-17.
- "Exclusive: Kim plans economic change in North Korea". Reuters. July 20, 2012. Archived from the original on July 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-21.
- Ryall, Julian (24 October 2012). "North Korean army minister 'executed with mortar round'". London: the Telegraph. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Top 4 N.Korean Military Officials Fall Victim to Shakeup". Chosun Ilbo. Nov 30, 2012. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Evans, Stephen (10 February 2016). "North Korea 'executes' army chief of staff Ri Yong-gil". BBC.
|Chief of the General Staff of the Korean People's Army
2009 – 2012
|Party political offices|
|New title||Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the Workers' Party of Korea
2010 – 2012
Served alongside: Kim Jong-un (2010–2012)
Choe Ryong-hae (2012)