Richard Andriamanjato

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Richard Mahitsison Andriamanjato (31 July 1930 – 16 May 2013) was a Malagasy politician.[1]

After leaving education, Andriamanjato became a Pastor. He also became involved with the nationalist cause. From 1950 to 1957, he studied in France. In 1957, he attended the Bandung Conference and became the leading figure in the section of the nationalist movement opposed to Philibert Tsiranana. He also succeeded the popular nationalist figure Pastor Ravelojaona as pastor of the Ambohitantely Temple in Antananarivo.

Andriamanjato soon joined the Council of the Protestant Federation of Madagascar. He also became the President of the Council of the Churches of Africa, was a member of the World Council of Churches of Geneva and a director of the Christian Institute for Peace.

Andriamanjato also became a convinced communist. In 1958, he founded the Party of the Independence Congress of Madagascar (AKFM), which developed links with the French Communist Party and acted as the main opposition for more than a decade. In 1959, he was elected Mayor of Antananarivo.

In 1972, Andriamanjato supported Didier Ratsiraka, and in 1976 he led the AKFM into the National Front for the Defence of the Revolution, the government coalition. A supporter of Albert Zafy, he split from Ratsiraka and the AKFM in 1989 to form the Party of the Independence Congress of Madagascar - Renewal. From 1991 to 1993, he was co-president of the transitional Committee for Economic and Social Recovery along with Manandafy Rakotonirina;[2][3] in 1993 he became the President of the National Assembly of Madagascar,[2] serving in that position until 1998.[4] He stood for his party in the November 1996 presidential election and took fifth place, receiving 4.94% of the votes cast.[5]

Since the mid-1990s, Andriamanjato has stepped down from public life. His son, Ny Hasina Andriamanjato, is also a politician.


  1. ^ "Madagascar : Richard Andriamanjato décède à Paris à l'âge de 83 ans". Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b Richard ANDRIAMANJATO (French).
  3. ^ History of the National Assembly, official website of the National Assembly (French).
  4. ^ "Madagascar: Newly-elected National Assembly inaugurated", Malagasy National Radio (, July 8, 1998.
Political offices
Preceded by
Stanislas Rakotonirina
Mayor of Antananarivo
Succeeded by