Richard Armour

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Richard Willard Armour (July 15, 1906 – February 28, 1989) was an American poet and author who wrote more than 65 books.

Life and work[edit]

Armour was born in San Pedro, Los Angeles, California. His father was a druggist, and Armour's autobiographical Drug Store Days recalls his childhood in both San Pedro and Pomona. He attended Pomona College and Harvard University, where he studied with the eminent Shakespearean scholar George Lyman Kittredge and obtained a Ph.D. in English philology. He eventually became Professor of English at Scripps College and the Claremont Graduate School in Claremont, California.

In his early career he focused on serious literature, publishing (in 1935) a biography of the lesser English poet Bryan Waller Procter and in 1940, co-editing (with Raymond F. Howes) a series of observations by contemporaries about Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Coleridge the Talker. Virginia Woolf cited this work in an essay stating, "Two pious American editors have collected the comments of this various company [Coleridge's acquaintances], and they are, of course, various. Yet it is the only way of getting at the truth—to have it broken into many splinters by many mirrors and so select." [1]

Armour wrote humorous poems—light verse—in a style reminiscent of Ogden Nash. These poems were often featured in newspaper Sunday supplements in a feature called Armour's Armory. Many of Armour's poems have been repeatedly and incorrectly attributed to Nash. Probably the most-quoted poem, sometimes attributed to Armour, but, in this instance, correctly attributed to Nash is the quatrain: "Shake and shake / the ketchup bottle / none will come / and then a lot'll." Another popular quatrain of his, also usually attributed erroneously to Nash, is: "Nothing attracts / the mustard from wieners / as much as the slacks / just back from the cleaners."

Armour also wrote satirical books, such as Twisted Tales from Shakespeare, and his ersatz history of the United States, It All Started With Columbus. These books were typically filled with puns and plays on words, and gave the impression of someone who had not quite been paying attention in class, thus also getting basic facts not quite right, to humorous effect.

As an example: "In an attempt to take Baltimore, the British attacked Fort McHenry, which protected the harbor. Bombs were soon bursting in air, rockets were glaring, and all in all it was a moment of great historical interest. During the bombardment, a young lawyer named Francis "Off" Key wrote The Star-Spangled Banner, and when, by the dawn's early light, the British heard it sung, they fled in terror!"

It All Started with Europa begins in the wilderness full of "fierce animals ready to spring and fierce birds ready to chirp."

It All Started with Marx includes the rabble-rousing Lenin declaring in public "Two pants with every suit!," "Two suits with every pants!" and "The Tsar is a tsap!"

It All started with Eve quotes Napoleon as writing in a letter "Do you [ Joséphine ] miss me? I hope the enemy artillery does."

His book The Classics Reclassified includes take-offs on works such as The Iliad, Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare, David Copperfield by Charles Dickens, etc.; each take-off is prefaced by a short biography of the work's author in the same style. For Shakespeare, it says he "was baptized April 26, 1564. When he was born is disputed, but anyone who argues that it was after this date is just being difficult."

In 1957, he appeared on the television game show You Bet Your Life hosted by Groucho Marx, of Marx Brothers fame. After introductions, Groucho repeated the show's famous catch-phrase, "Say the secret word, win a hundred dollars." Each episode of the show had a secret, common word (i.e. home, head, door) and if the contestant said the word during his/her often hilarious interview, then the partnered contestants would each get $50. In this particular case, Armour caught the host in a semantic trap, by immediately stating, "The secret word." He then demanded his $100. After a very brief moment of confusion the band broke out with a short medley indicating that the secret word had been said. Announcer and assistant George Fenneman then arrived on camera and turned to Armour, "From the C.O. over here that we will allow you to do what you just did. But nobody else better try this. That's what they said." Armour replied, "Thank you, very much." And Fenneman left the frame and responded, "You're welcome," quickly caught himself, and almost cut himself off stating, "I had nothing to do with it." Normally when the secret word is said, Groucho immediately hands over cash. He did not hand over the cash and it's unclear if they paid Armour the bonus even after Armour and his partner won the game. He also composed the following poem that he read to Groucho.

To Groucho

Most poets write of Meadowlarks
I sing instead of Groucho Marx
His lustrous eyes, each like a star
His noble brow, his sweet cigar
His manly stride, his soft moustache
His easy way with sponsors' cash
His massive shoulders, brawny arms
His intellect, his many charms
In short, unless the truth I stray from
A man to keep your wife away from.

He recited a couple other humorous poems on You Bet Your Life

Middle Age

Middle Age
is a time of life
that a man first notices
in his wife

Going to Extremes

Shake and shake
The catsup bottle.
None'll come—
And then a lot'll.

Armour's books are typically written in a style parodying dull academic tomes, with many footnotes (funny in themselves), fake bibliographies, quiz sections and glossaries. This style was pioneered by the British humorists W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman with their parody of British history '1066 and All That' in the 1930s.

A preface of one book noted "The reader will not encounter any half-truths, but may occasionally encounter a truth-and-a-half."

Bibliography[edit]

Collections[edit]

Title Year Subject/Notes
Barry Cornwall: A Biography of Bryan Waller Procter 1935 Bryan Waller Procter
The Literary Recollections of Barry Cornwall 1936 Bryan Waller Procter
Coleridge the Talker 1940 Co-edited with Raymond F. Howes
Yours for the Asking 1942 Light verse
To These Dark Steps 1943 Stage play (life of John Milton), with Bown Adams
Privates' Lives 1944 Light verse
Leading with My Left 1946 Light verse with caricatures by Joseph Forte
Golf Bawls 1946 Light verse
Writing Light Verse 1947
For Partly Proud Parents 1950 Light verse
It All Started with Columbus 1953 American history
Light Armour: Playful Poems on Practically Everything 1954 Light verse
It All Started with Europa 1955 European history
It All Started with Eve 1956 History of women
Twisted Tales from Shakespeare 1957 Parody
It All Started with Marx 1958 History of communism
Nights with Armour: Lighthearted Light Verse 1958 Light verse
Drug Store Days 1959 Autobiography
The Classics Reclassified 1960 Famous books (parody)
Pills, Potions and Granny 1960
A Safari into Satire 1961
Armour's Almanac; or, Around the Year in 365 Days 1962
Golf is a Four-Letter Word 1962
The Medical Muse, or What to Do Until the Patient Comes 1963 Humorous medical poetry
Through Darkest Adolescence 1963 Humorous "advice" for dealing with teenagers
AmericanLit Relit 1964 American literature
An Armoury of Light Verse 1964
Our Presidents 1964 Children's book, illustrated by Leonard Everett Fisher, Woodbridge Press, California ISBN 0-88007-134-6
The Year Santa Went Modern 1964 Children's book
The Adventures of Egbert the Easter Egg 1965 Children's book
Going Around in Academic Circles 1966 Higher education
It All Started with Hippocrates 1966 Medicine
Punctured Poems: Famous First and Infamous Second Lines 1966 Illustrated by Eric Gurney
Animals on the Ceiling 1966 Children's book
It All Started with Stones and Clubs 1967 Warfare and weaponry
A Dozen Dinosaurs 1967 Children's book
My Life with Women 1968
Odd Old Mammals 1968 Children's book
A Diabolical Dictionary of Education 1969
English Lit Relit 1969 English literature
On Your Marks: A Package of Punctuation 1969 Children's book
A Short History of Sex 1970
All Sizes and Shapes of Monkeys and Apes 1970 Children's book
Writing Light Verse and Prose Humor 1971
Who's in Holes? 1971 Children's book
All in Sport 1972 With drawings by Leo Hershfield. New York, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 0-07-002302-6
Out of My Mind 1972 About Bryan Waller Procter/Barry Cornwall
It All Started with Freshman English 1973
The Strange Dreams of Rover Jones 1973
The Academic Bestiary 1974 Humorous look at higher learning. William Morrow and Company, Inc., ISBN 0-688-02884-5
Going Like Sixty 1974 Humorous look at aging. McGraw-Hill ISBN 0-07-002291-7
Sea Full of Whales 1974 Children's book, illustrated by Paul Galdone
The Spouse in the House 1975 Light verse
The Happy Bookers: A History of Librarians and Their World 1976 Librarians. Written with and Campbell Grant
It All Started with Nudes 1977 Art appreciation. Illustrated by Campbell Grant.
Strange Monsters of the Sea' 1979 Children's book
Insects All Around Us 1981 Children's book, illustrated by Paul Galdone
Anyone for Insomnia? A Playful Look at Sleeplessness by a blear-eyed insomniac 1982
Educated Guesses: Light-Serious Suggestions for Parents and Teachers 1983 Education (serious)
Have You Ever Wished You Were Something Else?' 1983 Children's book

Individual poems[edit]

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Virginia Woolf, "The Man at the Gate" (1945 essay), in The Death of the Moth, and other Essays, 1961

External links[edit]