Richard B. Frankel

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Richard B. Frankel is an Emeritus Professor of Physics at the California State Polytechnic University, San Luis Obispo. He is noted for his research on magnetotaxis and biomineralization of magnetic iron minerals in general and magnetotactic bacteria in particular. His expertise in the latter was prominently discussed in Stephen Jay Gould's The Panda's Thumb (1980 Chapter 30). He is a graduate of the University of Missouri (1961) and took a PhD from Berkeley (1965). Much of his career was spent at the Francis Bitter National Magnet Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology before joining Cal Poly in 1988.[1][2][3][4]

He is a fellow of the American Physical Society.[5]

Selected publications[edit]

  • —; Blum, N.; Foner, S.; Freeman, A.; Schieber, M. (1965). "Ferrimagnetic Structure of Magnetoelectric Ga2−xFexO3". Physical Review Letters. 15 (25): 958–960. Bibcode:1965PhRvL..15..958F. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.15.958.
  • —; Blum, N.; Schwartz, Brian; Kim, Duk (1967). "Mössbauer Evidence for a Spin-Compensated State in Dilute Fe-Cu Alloys". Physical Review Letters. 18 (24): 1051–1053. Bibcode:1967PhRvL..18.1051F. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.18.1051.
  • Chappert, J.; — (1967). "Mössbauer Study of Ferrimagnetic Ordering in Nickel Ferrite and Chromium-Substituted Nickel Ferrite". Physical Review Letters. 19 (10): 570–572. Bibcode:1967PhRvL..19..570C. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.19.570.
  • Mayerle, J. J.; —; R. H. Holm; James A. Ibers; W. D. Phillips; J. F. Weiher (1973). "Synthetic Analogs of the Active Sites of Iron-Sulfur Proteins. Structure and Properties of Bis [o-xylyldithiolato-μ2-sulfidoferrate(III)], an Analog of the 2Fe-2S Proteins". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 70 (8): 2429–2433. Bibcode:1973PNAS...70.2429M. doi:10.1073/pnas.70.8.2429.
  • Laskowski, E. J.; —; Gillum, W. O.; Papaefthymiou, G. C.; Renaud, J.; Ibers, James A.; Holm, R. H. (1978). "Synthetic analogs of the 4-Fe active sites of reduced ferredoxins. Electronic properties of the tetranuclear trianions [Fe4S4(SR)4]3− and the structure of [(C2H5)3(CH3)N]3[Fe4S4(SC6H5)4]". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 100 (17): 5322–5337. doi:10.1021/ja00485a013.
  • —; Richard P. Blakemore; Ralph S. Wolfe (1979). "Magnetite in Freshwater Magnetotactic Bacteria". Science. 203 (4387): 1355–1356. Bibcode:1979Sci...203.1355F. doi:10.1126/science.203.4387.1355. PMID 17780480.
  • —; Papaefthymiou, Georgia C.; Blakemore, Richard P.; O'Brien, Wendy (1983). "Fe3O4 precipitation in magnetotactic bacteria". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research. 763 (2): 147–159. doi:10.1016/0167-4889(83)90038-1.
  • Bazylinski, Dennis A.; —; Jannasch, Holger W. (1988). "Anaerobic magnetite production by a marine, magnetotactic bacterium". Nature. 334 (6182): 518–519. Bibcode:1988Natur.334..518B. doi:10.1038/334518a0.
  • Moskowitz, Bruce M.; —; Bazylinski, Dennis A. (1993). "Rock magnetic criteria for the detection of biogenic magnetite". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 120 (3–4): 283–300. Bibcode:1993E&PSL.120..283M. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(93)90245-5.
  • —; D. A. Bazylinski; M. S. Johnson; B. L. Taylor (1997). "Magneto-aerotaxis in marine coccoid bacteria". Biophysical Journal. 73 (2): 994–1000. Bibcode:1997BpJ....73..994F. doi:10.1016/S0006-3495(97)78132-3. PMC 1180996. PMID 9251816.
  • Bazylinski, Dennis A.; — (2004). "Magnetosome formation in prokaryotes". Nature Reviews Microbiology. 2 (3): 217–230. doi:10.1038/nrmicro842. PMID 15083157.


  1. ^ Altenbach, A. V., In Bernhard, J. M., & In Seckbach, J. (2012). Anoxia: Evidence for eukaryote survival and paleontological strategies. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  2. ^ Cal Poly:Richard B. Frankel (Faculty page) (Accessed March 2013)
  3. ^ Cal Poly:Richard B. Frankel (CV hosted by Cal Poly) (Accessed March 2013)
  4. ^ Gould, Stephen Jay (1980) The Panda's Thumb: More Reflections in Natural, W. W. Norton & Company
  5. ^ American Physical Society: Forum on Physics and Society (2012) - (Includes evidence of Fellow status) (Accessed March 2013)

Other sources[edit]

  • Fisher, Arthur (April 1980). "The magnetism of a shared facility" (PDF). MOSAIC. National Science Foundation. 11 (2): 45. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  • Mielczarek, Eugene Vorburger; Sharon Bertsch McGrayne (2000). Iron, Nature's Universal Element: Why People Need Iron & Animals Make Magnets. Rutgers University Press. pp. 49–63. ISBN 9780813528311.