Richard D. Dunphy
|Richard D. Dunphy|
December 12, 1841|
|Died||November 23, 1904(aged 62)|
|Place of burial||Vallejo, California|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1863–1864|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
• Battle of Mobile Bay
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Richard D. Dunphy (December 12, 1841 – November 23, 1904) was a Union Navy sailor in the American Civil War and a recipient of the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his actions at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
Born on December 12, 1841, in Ireland, Dunphy immigrated to the United States and was living in New York City when he joined the U.S. Navy on December 17, 1863. He served during the Civil War as a coal heaver on Admiral David Farragut's flagship, the USS Hartford. At the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864, he "performed his duties with skill and courage" despite heavy fire. He was severely wounded by fragments of an artillery shell fired by the Confederate ironclad CSS Tennessee, losing both of his arms above the elbow. For his actions during the battle, he was approved for the Medal of Honor four months later, on December 31, 1864.
Dunphy's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
On board the flagship U.S.S. Hartford during successful attacks against Fort Morgan, rebel gunboats and the rebel ram Tennessee, Mobile Bay, 5 August 1864. With his ship under terrific enemy shellfire, Dunphy performed his duties with skill and courage throughout this fierce engagement which resulted in the capture of the rebel ram Tennessee.
After his injury, Dunphy left the Navy and hired an aide to accompany him throughout the day and assist with such tasks as feeding himself. In 1866, he wrote a letter to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles explaining that he had never received his medal. He eventually moved to Wisconsin, married, and raised a family. The Wisconsin Legislature approved an extra pension for Dunphy in 1868 to help him support his family. Dunphy died on November 23, 1904, at age 62 and was buried in Vallejo, California.
- "Richard D. Dunphy". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- "Memorial Number 3". Wisconsin Session Laws (Madison, Wisconsin: Atwood & Rublee) 1868: 225. 1868. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- "Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (A–L)". Medal of Honor Citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 26, 2011. Retrieved October 17, 2012.
- "Dunphy, Richard D. (1842-1904) to Gideon Welles". Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. Retrieved October 18, 2012.