Richard Dunston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Richard Dunston (shipbuilder))
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Dunston
Private company
Industry Shipbuilding
Fate Closed
Headquarters Hessle, East Riding of Yorkshire, England

Richard Dunston was a shipbuilder on the Humber, England. The company started building wooden barges miles from the sea and evolved to pioneer fully welded steel ships of a single design. The yard is now closed, although the name continues in a ship repair yard.

History[edit]

Before 1858, Richard Dunston owned a boatyard at Torksey on the Foss Dyke, but in that year he sold the yard, and established a new one at Thorne, on the north bank of the Stainforth and Keadby Canal. It was 12 miles (19 km) from the River Trent,[1] and some 45 miles (72 km) from the sea. He built wooden barges, using locally-grown, hand-sawn timber.[2] In common with many boatyards at the time, Dunston's was self-contained, with facilities for making sails, ropes and running gear. This developed into a profitable sideline, supplying ropes to many local industries, and other items to chandlers based at Hull and Grimsby. While repairs to existing hulls were a major part of the output of the yard, vessels capable of carrying up to 80 tons were built, for use on the Humber and its connecting navigations. The hulls were initially clinker built, using overlapping joints between the timbers, but later carvel construction was used, where the timbers butted up against each other to produce a much smoother hull. By the end of the nineteenth century, boat sizes had standardised somewhat, with most craft being either Sheffield-sized keels with square rigging, or larger Humber sloops.[3] Sheffield-sized boats were 61.5 by 15.5 feet (18.7 by 4.7 m). Output was fairly low, with an average of one and a half vessels per year between 1858 and 1914,[4] although a celebration was held when the third vessel in one year was launched.[3]

In 1902, control of the yard passed to Thomas Dunston following the death of his father, and in 1910 to the 20-year-old grandson of the founder. He set about modernising the business to enable the construction of iron and steel ships, the first of which was completed in 1917. New buildings were erected, and new plant was installed to cope with the new method of construction, after which only one further wooden vessel was built.[3] It was supplied to a carrier based at Owston Ferry, was named Constance, and was completed in 1925.[5] The size of vessels that could be built at the Thorne site was limited by the size of Keadby lock, which was 79.5 by 21.5 feet (24.2 by 6.6 m).[6] Because it connected to the tidal River Trent, ships which were longer than this could pass through when the river was level with the canal, and both sets of gates could be opened, but the width was restricted to about 21 feet (6.4 m).[3]

Dunstons bought the Henry Scarr shipbuilding yard at Hessle in 1932, which allowed ships to be launched directly into the Humber.[7] They pioneered construction of all-welded ships in the UK, finding that they could mass-produce a single design more efficiently than traditional riveting. During the Second World War they designed the all-welded steel TID class tug, and built 159 of them, 152 at Thorne and seven at Hessle,[8] with one completed ship leaving the shipyard at six-day intervals.[2] Sections were fabricated elsewhere by companies with spare welding capacity, and were brought to the yard by lorry. Eight sections were needed to make a complete tug, and many of the shipyard welders were women.[9]

In 1974 the Dunston family sold both yards to the Ingram Corporation of America. In 1985, they were put up for sale again, but the Thorne yard closed as it was not financially viable.[10] The Hessle yard was the subject of a management buy out, funded by Dutch capital (?Damen Shipyards Group[7]). Following this, the yard built a variety of vessels, including four Clyde car ferries, a low air draft dry cargo ship, gas tankers and naval tugs.[10]

In December 1994, the company went into liquidation and the Hessle yard closed. It was used as a recycling yard for several years following its closure, but most of the site has now been rebuilt with offices and car showrooms. Richard Dunston ship repairs still exists further east along the Humber Estuary.

Ships built[edit]

Records of the ships built before the 1930s are not comprehensive, but after 1932, Dunston's built 1358 vessels at the Thorne yard and 636 at Hessle.[11]

Hessle[edit]

Yard No Name Type Launch Notes
John M Rishworth 1915
Hunt's Kim Sheffield Keel 1923
Hunts-Eden Sheffield Keel 1924 For John Hunt & Sons, Leeds
Hunts-Eve Sheffield Keel 1924 For John Hunt & Sons, Leeds
TID 172 TID class tug[12] 1946 For Ministry of War Transport
Seaspring 1957
S802 Sir Winston Churchill Topsail 3-masted schooner 1966 For Sail Training Association
Dunster R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1972 (year of commissioning)[13]
Felsted R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1972 (year of commissioning)
Fotherby R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1972 (year of commissioning)
Froxfield R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1972 (year of commissioning)
Hambledon R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Harlech R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Headcorn R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Hever R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Holmwood R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Horning R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1973 (year of commissioning)
Lamlash R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1974 (year of commissioning)
Lechlade R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1974 (year of commissioning)
Llandovery R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1974 (year of commissioning)
Loyal Supporter R.M.A.S. Loyal Class Fleet Tender 1978 (year of commissioning)
Loyal Watcher R.M.A.S. Loyal Class Fleet Tender 1978 (year of commissioning)
Melton R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1981 (year of commissioning)
Menai R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1981 (year of commissioning)
Meon R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1982 (year of commissioning)
Milford R.M.A.S. Clovelly Class Fleet Tender 1982 (year of commissioning)
H952 MV Loch Striven Ro-Ro Ferry 1986 For Caledonian MacBrayne
H953 MV Loch Linnhe Ro-Ro Ferry 1986 For Caledonian MacBrayne
H954 MV Loch Riddon Ro-Ro Ferry 1986 For Caledonian MacBrayne
H955 MV Loch Ranza Ro-Ro Ferry 1987 For Caledonian MacBrayne
H961 Dunker Tug 1988 For Helsingsborgs Bogser
H968 Geira Ferry 1988 For Shetland Islands Council
H973 Roseberry Cross Tug 1989 For Cory Towage
H974 Cleveland Cross Tug 1989 For Cory Towage
H1004 Fiery Cross Tug 1993 For Cory Towage
H1005 Phoenix Cross Tug 1993 For Cory Towage
Sources: Ships Photos[14] and Historic Ships Register[15]

Thorne[edit]

Yard No Name Type Launch Notes
Advance (VIC 24) Clyde puffer 1942 Ministry of War Transport[16]
T131 Annie H Humber sloop 1925 For J W Handson
Annie Maud Carvel-built keel 1898 For Robinson Bros, millers, Rotherham. 1 of 4
T164 A.Victory motor barge 1929 For James Barraclough
T128 Beecliffe Sheffield-sized 1924 For S&SYN, mortgaged to Bleasdales. Motorised in 1937
T178 Danum Sheffield lighter 1932 For Hanleys, Doncaster. Motorised 1944
T171 Dauntless motor tank barge 1930 For James W Cook
T179 Daybreak Humber Keel 1936 For Hanley's, flour millers of Doncaster[17][18]
T107 Dovecliffe 1923 For Bleasdales. Motorised in 1945
T170 Drake dump tank barge 1930 For James W Cook
Enterprise 1921 For South Yorkshire Navigation Co
T133 Ferncliffe Sheffield-sized keel 1925 For S&SYN, mortgaged to Bleasdales. Motorised 1937
Furley's Else Carvel-built keel 1914 For Furley & Co
T186 Gainsborough Trader motor barge 1931 For Furley & Co
T116 Gar Sheffield-sized steel keel 1924 For Furley & Co
T118 Highcliffe Sheffield-sized 1924 For Bleasdales. Motorised 1943
John Adams Battleship tender 1934 For British Admiralty
Leicester Trader Trent dumb boat 1953
T122 Lightcliffe 1924 For Bleasdales. Motorised 1937
T897 Cormooring Salvage Vessel 1955 now Medway Rhino
Mayday Carvel-built keel 1900 For Thos Hanley & Sons, millers, Doncaster
T136 Michael 80-ton motor tank barge 1925 For Harkers
T153 Rosa A 110-ton dumb tank barge 1928 For Harkers
TID43 TID Tug 1943 now Seaport Alpha
T142 Salvager A Sloop 1926 For A Leggott, Owston Ferry. Motorised 1933
T98 Selby Argo 220-ton steel lighter 1921 For Selby Oil Mills. 1 of 5
T114 Shirecliffe Sheffield-sized 1923 For Bleasdales. Motorised 1945
Southcliffe Humber Keel 1940 For W Bleasdale & Co
T187 Trent Steamer 1931 For Grimsby Packet Co
VIC 32 Victualling Inshore Craft 1939 For British Admiralty
VIC 96 Clyde puffer 1945 For British Admiralty
T106 Wharncliffe Sheffield-sized 1923 For Bleasdales. Motorised 1953
T132 Whitliffe Sheffield-sized 1925 For S&SYN, mortgaged to Bleasdales
Sources: Historic Ships Register[19] and Taylor 2009.

Boats in active service[edit]

The following ship is for sale in November 2015. The last name was MV Togo, registered in The Netherlands and is a beauty. [20]


Bibliography[edit]

  • Taylor, Mike (2009). Richard Dunston Limited of Thorne & Hessle. Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books. ISBN 978-1-84563-094-2. 

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 6
  2. ^ a b "History of Richard Dunston, Limited". Century of Shipbuilding – Richard Dunston by Civil Engineering Publications Ltd. Thorne-Moorends Town Council. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d Taylor 2009, p. 7
  4. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 11
  5. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 19
  6. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 142
  7. ^ a b "Newsletter Number One". Medway Maritime Trust. Spring 2010. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "History of Richard Dunston, Ltd, Thorne & Hessle". Medway Maritime Trust. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "History of TID Tugs". Medway Maritime Trust. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Richard_Dunston". Graces Guide. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  11. ^ Taylor 2009, p. 10
  12. ^ "Steam Tug TID 172". Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  13. ^ Moore, John, Captain, RN (1985). Jane's Fighting Ships 1984–85. London: Jane's Publishing Co. pp. 623–631. 
  14. ^ "Richard Dunston". Ships Photos. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "Henry Scarr Ltd". National Historic Ships. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  16. ^ "Clyde Puffer". TradBoat. Retrieved 19 July 2010. 
  17. ^ "Daybreak". National Historic Ships. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  18. ^ Martin H. Evans and Janet West. "Non-Museum vessels, in private ownership – Daybreak". Maritime and Naval Museums in Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  19. ^ "Richard Dunston Ltd". National Historic Ships. Retrieved 18 July 2010. 
  20. ^ "MV Togo 31 meters". Cruise ships for sale. Retrieved 2015-11-11. 

External links[edit]