Richard J. Jensen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Richard J. Jensen
Richard J. Jensen, 2012.jpg
Jensen in 2012
Born Richard Joseph Jensen
(1941-10-24) October 24, 1941 (age 76)
South Bend, Indiana, U.S.
Academic background
Alma mater University of Notre Dame
Yale University
Thesis The Winning of the Midwest: A Social History of Midwestern Elections, 1888–1896 (1966)
Doctoral advisor C. Vann Woodward
Academic work
Discipline History

Richard Joseph Jensen (born October 24, 1941) is an American historian, who was professor of history at the University of Illinois, Chicago, from 1973 to 1996. He has worked on American political, social, military, and economic history as well as historiography and quantitative and computer methods. His work includes the Midwestern electoral history, The Winning of the Midwest and Historian's Guide to Statistics.

Life and career[edit]

Born on October 24, 1941,[1] in South Bend, Indiana, Jensen obtained his BA in mathematics at the University of Notre Dame in 1962.[2][3] He then moved to Yale University, where he earned an MA in 1965 and a PhD in American studies in 1966.[2] His PhD dissertation, The Winning of the Midwest: A Social History of Midwestern Elections, 1888–1896, was supervised by C. Vann Woodward.[4]

After graduation Jensen started as assistant professor at Washington University in 1966. In 1970 he moved to the University of Illinois at Chicago, where he became associate professor of history and was professor of history from 1973 to 1996.[4][5] In 2008 he became a research professor at Montana State University Billings.[6] He was a visiting professor at the University of Michigan in 1968, Harvard University in 1973, the Moscow State University in 1986, and West Point from 1989 to 1990.[7]

From 1971 to 1982 Jensen was also director of the Family and Community History Center at the Newberry Library.[4][8] From 1977 to 1982 he was president of the Chicago Metro History Fair. From 1992 to 1997 he was executive director at H-Net.[9] Jensen served on the editorial boards of six scholarly journals, among them The Journal of American History and the American Journal of Sociology.[4]

Jensen was awarded a Woodrow Wilson Fellowship in 1962, a William Robertson Coe fellowship in American history in 1963, and a Boies fellowship in 1965.[1] He received the Rockefeller Foundation/Bellagio (1983), and was a University of Illinois senior scholar (1985–88), a Fulbright Fellow (to the USSR, 1986), and an ACLS senior fellow (1987–88).[10] He received the James Harvey Robinson Prize for teaching from the American Historical Association in 1997.[11]

Jensen was quoted in 2012 as stating that Wikipedia was nearly complete with regard to major historical articles. His comments came in the Journal of Military History concerning the Wikipedia article on the War of 1812.[12]


The Winning of the Midwest, 1966/1971[edit]

In The Winning of the Midwest Jensen tells a social history of elections in the Midwestern United States from 1888 to 1896. He analyzes the role religion played in political conflict, arguing that it had a major influence on party allegiances. Completed in 1966 as his PhD dissertation, the University of Chicago Press published it in 1971. Reviews in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society and The Journal of American History praised the work for its broad scope, prose style, and analysis.[13][14] A review in the Indiana Magazine of History criticised the work for attempting to tackle too broad a subject area and questioned Jensen's use of evidence to ascertain religious preferences.[15] It is his most widely cited.[16]

Historian's Guide to Statistics, 1971[edit]

In 1971 Jensen co-authored the Historian's Guide to Statistics with Charles Dollar. The book became one of the most widely used guides to interpreting historical statistics.[17]

Illinois: A Bicentennial History, 1978[edit]

In 1978 Jensen's Illinois: A Bicentennial History was published by Norton, New York in its States and the Nation series. The work presents Illinois' history as that of a conflict between the state's original traditionalist settlers and later modernist immigrants. In a 1979 book review in the Indiana Magazine of History, Martin Ridge praised the work for having a higher level of academic rigor than the other books of the series. While recommending it as "in many ways [...] the best interpretative one-volume state history around," he claimed that its arguments are ultimately "unconvincing."[18] Writing in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society John Hoffman described the work as "a balanced account of the state, keeping Chicago in proportion to downstate, and the whole in alignment with American history—as 'a' microcosm of the Union, not 'the' microcosm...his Illinois is not Chicago writ large or America writ small. For state history, that is no mean achievement.[19]


H-Net, short for "Humanities & Social Sciences Online", is an interdisciplinary forum for scholars in the humanities and social sciences. It began in 1992 as an initiative by Jensen at the History department at the University of Illinois at Chicago to assist historians "to easily communicate current research and teaching interests; to discuss new approaches, methods and tools of analysis; to share information on access to library catalogs and other electronic databases; and to test new ideas and share comments on current historiography."[20] The network grew rapidly, growing from approximately 6,000 subscribers in 1993 to more than 51,000 by 1997.[3]

In 1997 H-Net won the American Historical Association's James Harvey Robinson Prize, awarded for innovative methods of history teaching.[21] According to the historian Paul Turnbull, under Jensen's leadership—and with funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities—H-Net "rapidly became a forum attracting both historians with established expertise in computer-based quantitative research and younger colleagues interested in exploring the analytical possibilities of hypertext," and "greatly assisted the development of the technical expertise and intellectual ambitions of historians who undertook a remarkable number of Web-based projects through the second half of the 1990s."[22]

In 1994 H-Net began a move to Michigan State University, where historian Mark Kornbluh had secured institutional support.[23] In 1997 Kornbluh and Jensen competed against each other in a "bitterly contested" election for the position of H-Net's executive director, with Jensen arguing that H-Net should be decentralized while Kornbluh advocated consolidation the organization's operations at Michigan State.[24][25] Kornbluh ultimately won the support of the editors of H-Net's discussion lists.[25]

"No Irish Need Apply: A Myth of Victimization", 2002[edit]

1909 newspaper article concerning "No Irish Need Apply" help-wanted ad

Jensen's article about Anti-Irish sentiment, "No Irish Need Apply: A Myth of Victimization", was published in the Journal of Social History in December 2002 and argues that "No Irish Need Apply" (NINA) signs were mostly a myth and that there was "no significant discrimination against the Irish" in the job market.[26] In July 2015 the same journal published a rebuttal to Jensen's thesis written by Rebecca Fried, an eighth-grade student at Sidwell Friends School, Washington, DC.[27][28][29] Before submitting her article for publication, Fried consulted with the historian Kerby A. Miller, who had long disagreed with Jensen's thesis. Miller found her argument to be a worthy, scholarly rebuttal in need of little editing.[27] Fried's paper provided examples of "No Irish Need Apply" in newspaper archives, refuting Jensen's thesis that there was no evidence of same.[28]

Jensen wrote a rebuttal to her argument. He said, "All Fried's cases melt away under classroom scrutiny. The lesson is teachers need to insist that students review the scholarly literature before they believe everything that flashes on their screens." He protested blog postings that he said had recycled the so-called "NINA myth", speculated about political motivations, and suggested "that highly paid university professors are practically worthless because they can easily be outwitted by an eighth grader in terms of doing scholarly research."[30]

Selected publications[edit]

Jensen has coauthored or edited 21 scholarly or popular books and written 45 scholarly articles.[16]

  • Jensen, Richard J. The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896. Vol. 2. Richard Jensen, 1971.
  • Jensen, Richard J. Historian's Guide to Statistics : Quantitative Analysis and Historical Research. 1971.
  • Jensen, Richard J. Illinois: A Bicentennial History. Norton, 1978.
  • Jensen, Richard J.; Jon Thares Davidann; Yoneyuki Sugita (2003). Trans-Pacific Relations: America, Europe, and Asia in the Twentieth Century. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-97714-6. 
  • Smith, J. Douglas, and Richard J. Jensen. World War Two on the Web. 2nd edition, Rowman & Littlefield, World War Two on the Web.
  • Carter, Alice E., and Richard J. Jensen. The Civil War on the Web: A Guide to the Very Best Sites. Rowman & Littlefield, 2003.
  • Jensen, Richard. "On Modernizing Frederick Jackson Turner: The Historiography of Regionalism." The Western Historical Quarterly (1980): 307–322.
  • Richard J. Jensen, "Historiography of American Political History." In Jack Greene, ed., Encyclopedia of American Political History (New York: Scribner's, 1984), vol 1. pp 1–25
  • Jensen, Richard. "Six Sciences of American Politics." Historical Methods: A Journal of Quantitative and Interdisciplinary History 17.3 (1984): 108–117.
  • Jensen, Richard J. "'No Irish Need Apply': A Myth of Victimization". Journal of Social History 36.2 (2002): 405–429.
  • Jensen, Richard. "Military history on the electronic frontier: Wikipedia fights the War of 1812". The Journal of Military History 76.4 (2012): 523–556.


  1. ^ a b American Political Science Association (1968) Biographical Directory. p. 263
  2. ^ a b "Richard J. Jensen." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Biography in Context. Web. 24 May 2016.
  3. ^ a b Guernsey, L. (1997). A humanities network considers what lies beyond e-mail. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 43(20), A23-A24.
  4. ^ a b c d Jaques Cattell Press, ed. Directory of American Scholars (Bowker, 1978) pp 341–42
  5. ^ American Historical Association, Institutional Services Program, Guide to Departments of History: 1996–97 (Washington, 1997) pp 137–81
  6. ^ Tim McNeese; Richard Jensen (2010). Revolutionary America, 1764–1789. Infobase Publishing. p. 128. ISBN 978-1-4381-2776-7. 
  7. ^ Tim McNeese; Richard Jensen (2010). The Great Depression 1929–1938. Infobase Publishing. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-60413-357-8. 
  8. ^ Seymour Martin Lipset (1981). Party Coalitions in the 1980s. Transaction Publishers. p. 461. ISBN 978-1-4128-3049-2. 
  9. ^ Orville Vernon Burton (2002). Computing in the Social Sciences and Humanities. University of Illinois Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780252026850. 
  10. ^ American Historical Association, Institutional Services Program, Guide to Departments of History: 1986–87 (Washington, 1987) pp 130–31
  11. ^ Perspectives: Newsletter of the American Historical Association. 25. The Association. 1997. p. 21. 
  12. ^ Rosen, Rebecca J. (25 October 2012). "Surmounting the Insurmountable: Wikipedia Is Nearing Completion, in a Sense". The Atlantic. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  13. ^ Blodgett, Geoffrey (1972). "The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896 by Richard Jensen". Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society. 65 (3): 342–343. JSTOR 40191386. 
  14. ^ Hammarberg, Melvyn (March 1973). "Reviewed Work: The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896 by Richard Jensen". The Journal of American History. 59 (4): 1025–1026. JSTOR 1918421. 
  15. ^ Farrell, Richard T (June 1972). "Reviewed Work: The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888–1896 by Richard Jensen". Indiana Magazine of History. 68 (2): 157–158. JSTOR 277898. 
  16. ^ a b Richard Jensen Google Scholar profile.
  17. ^ Paul Turnbull, "Historians, Computing and the World-Wide-Web," Australian Historical Studies Vol. 41, Iss. 2, 2010.
    • [Jensen] "co-authored one of the most widely used guides to interpreting historical statistics."
  18. ^ Martin Ridge. "Illinois: A Bicentennial History by Richard J. Jensen." in: Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 75, No. 4 (Dec. 1979), pp. 359–360
  19. ^ John Hoffmann. "Richard J. Jensen's 'Illinois: A Bicentennial History'." in: Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1908–1984), Vol. 71, No. 3 (Aug., 1978), pp. 225–231.
  20. ^ Richard Jensen, "H-Net announces 13 new scholarly lists in history", E-Mail of 24 Jun 1993; Thomas Zielke, "Official Introduction of The History Network " E-Mail on GRMNHIST – German History Forum, 23 Feb 93 Archived 2007-01-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ McCrank, Lawrence J. (2002). Historical information science: an emerging unidiscipline (1st print ed.). Medford, N.J.: Information Today. p. 79. ISBN 1573870714. 
  22. ^ Paul Turnbull, "Historians, Computing and the World-Wide-Web," Australian Historical Studies Vol. 41, Iss. 2, 2010.
  23. ^ "Its Past, Present, and Future". H-Net. Retrieved 2016-05-25. 
  24. ^ Guernsey, L. (1997). Election campaign to run H-NET, a popular network of e-mail lists, turns nasty. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 43(32), 1.
  25. ^ a b Guernsey, L. (1997). H-NET's list editors elect new director. The Chronicle of Higher Education, 43(35), 1.
  26. ^ "No Irish Need Apply”: A Myth of Victimization", Richard Jensen, Oxford Journals. (subscription required)
  27. ^ a b "The Teen Who Exposed a Professor's Myth". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  28. ^ a b Fried, Rebecca A. (July 4, 2015). "No Irish Need Deny: Evidence for the Historicity of NINA Restrictions in Advertisements and Signs". Journal of Social History: shv066. doi:10.1093/jsh/shv066. Archived from the original on 5 August 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  29. ^ Patrick Young (19 July 2015). "High School Student Proves Professor Wrong When He Denied "No Irish Need Apply" Signs Existed". Retrieved 20 September 2015. 
  30. ^ Jensen, Richard, "No Irish Need Apply?" (11 August 2015) Retrieved 22 Aug. 2015.

External links[edit]