Richard M. Leonard
|Richard M. Leonard|
Leonard in 1965
October 22, 1908|
July 31, 1993 (aged 84)|
|Alma mater||University of California, Berkeley (B.A., J.D)|
|Occupation||Rock climber, environmentalist, attorney|
Richard Manning Leonard (October 22, 1908 – July 31, 1993) was an American rock climber, environmentalist and attorney. He served as president of the Sierra Club and the Save the Redwoods League, and was active in the Wilderness Society and the American Alpine Club. Leonard was born in Elyria, Ohio and graduated from the University of California, Berkeley and also received his law degree from the University of California.
On March 13, 1932, Leonard formed the Cragmont Climbing Club in Berkeley, California with Jules Eichorn, Bestor Robinson and several others. Leonard took a systematic, experimental approach to rock climbing safety and technology, repeatedly testing climber falls and belaying techniques under carefully controlled conditions. Steve Roper called Leonard "the father of California rock climbing". In November, 1932, the Cragmont Climbing Club merged with the Sierra Club's new Rock Climbing Section.
In 1934, Leonard, Eichorn and Robinson assembled the most advanced set of climbing gear then in use in North America, much of which they had obtained from Germany, and successfully climbed Higher Cathedral Spire in Yosemite Valley. This was the first major technical ascent in the famous scenic valley that became a mecca of rock climbing.
During the Second World War Leonard served in the United States Army and was assigned to the Office of the Quartermaster general along with Bestor Robinson, where they worked on the development of improved equipment and clothing for the army's mountain divisions. They joined a skilled wartime team led by Robert Bates that included mountaineers William P. House, H. Adams Carter, Terris Moore, Bradford Washburn and Australian arctic explorer Hubert Wilkins. During the second half of the War, Leonard fought the Japanese in Burma. He was awarded the Bronze Star.
- Schrepfer, Susan R. (interviewer) (1972). "Richard M. Leonard mountaineer, lawyer, environmentalist tape recorded interview". The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.
- Eichorn, Jules M. (1994). "In Memoriam: Richard Manning Leonard" (PDF). American Alpine Journal. 36 (68): 322–323.
- Roper, Steve (1994). Camp 4: Recollections of a Yosemite Rockclimber. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers. p. 20. ISBN 0-89886-587-5.
- Robinson, Bestor (1995) . "The First Ascent of the Higher Cathedral Spire". In Galen Rowell. The Vertical World of Yosemite. Berkeley, CA: Wilderness Press. pp. 8–14. ISBN 0-911824-87-1.
- Jones, Chris, Climbing in North America (American Alpine Club & University of California Press, Berkeley, 1976) ISBN 0-520-02976-3
- House, William P. (1997) . "Mountain Equipment for the U.S. Army". American Alpine Journal. Seattle, WA: The Mountaineers. pp. 20–30. ISBN 0-930410-44-0.
- "About Varian Inc. - An Early History". Palo Alto, CA: Varian Inc. Archived from the original on October 20, 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2010.
- "Roster of Sierra Club Directors" (PDF). Sierra Club. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
- "List of Club Officers" (PDF). Sierra Club. 2009. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
- Schrepfer, Susan R. (interviewer) (1972). "Richard M. Leonard mountaineer, lawyer, environmentalist tape recorded interview". Sierra Club Oral history series. Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.