Richard Von White

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Richard Von White
P1- Self Portrait of Richard Von White.jpg
Self portrait of Von
Born Richard Elis Blair White
(1951-08-24)24 August 1951
Education Goldsmiths College of Art in London
Known for Painter, Printmaker, draftsman, illustrator, Poet
Movement Modern art, Modern painters

Richard "Von" White is an abstract expressionist artist.[1] Born Richard Elis Blair White, on the island of Jamaica in 1951, to a family of prominient businessmen and founders of the town Oracabessa. "Von" is the stage name of Richard White, an artist who specialises in pastel tropical scenes inspired by nature and the female form[2]

Richard "Von" White studied at the Jamaica College of Art, then went on to study at Goldsmiths College of Art in London, under the tutelage of Professor Harry Thubron. Graduating with honours from Goldsmiths Von went on to develop his own style of abstraction, with a keystone on the masters that have gone before. Particularly Pablo Picasso, Paul Gauguin and Georgia O'Keeffe.

Von's philosophy on art finds its roots in Taoism. He expanded on many of his early ideas on art in an academic thesis based on creatvity and its relationship with Taoism of Lao Tsu. Von's themes are an approach to abstract expressionism as embodied by the Tao. Von is of the Christian faith.

Von's paintings have been said to have a prevailing message of tranquility.[3]

Von's art also finds great inspiration from the rock and roll era of the 1960s and 1970s.

Biography[edit]

Richard "Von" White was born in Kingston, Jamaica on 24 August 1951 at Nuttall Hospital just after Jamaica had been devastated by Hurricane Charlie (1951).[4] All telecommunications were downed due to the hurricane,[5] so his birth (among others) was announced on the national radio to get messages of births and deaths to respective families islandwide. He began painting and drawing from an early age of 3 years old. Von Grew up in Oracabessa, and attended Oracbessa Primary as a youth, and then at eight years old went to dèCarteret College [6] in Mandeville where he completed his secondary education with a primary focus on the visual arts, finishig with A level Art and A level English Literature. Following this Von attended the Edna Manley College of the Visual and Performing Arts (formally Jamaica School of Art) in 1970, where he was tutored by professor Harry Thubron who was contracted to work with Jamaica School of Art at that time. Following this Von travelled to London to do a foundation course with Hammersmith College of Art/Chelsea School of Art, Kings Road London. He then applied to Goldsmith's College London where he was accepted to complete a Bachelor of Fine Arts, and again under Professor Harry Thubron tutelage he graduated First Division honours in 1977. Upon return to Jamaica in 1978, Von has had several exhibitions throughout the decades. These are listed below. This artist has devoted a lifetime to the development of his style of art and produced many works of art. His work is owned by people worldwide, with original paintings in locations from Australia to the far east, and from Europe to North America.

Philosophical background[edit]

The Tao[edit]

"Tao Te Ching", Calligraphy by Gia-Fu Feng

Von is an artist who is a Jamaican that studied art in London England and found inspiration from the Sage Lao Tsu from ancient China. "The utility of the empty bowl is the space within". Lao Tsu, an older contemporary of confucious, was keeper of the imperial archives at Loyang in the province of Honan in the 6th century B.C.[7] All his life Lao Tsu taught that "The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao"; but, according to ancient legend, as he was riding off into the desert to die - sick at heart at the ways of men - he was persuaded by a gatekeeper in northwestern China to write down his teaching for posterity. This book is called the Tao Te Ching.

The essence of Taoism is contained in the eighty one chapters of the book – roughly 5,000 words – which have for 2,500 years provided one of the major underlying influences in Chinese thought and culture, emerging also in proverbs and folklore.[8] Whereas Confucianism is concerned with day-to-day rules of conduct, Taoism is concerned with am more spiritual level of being.

Poem ONE [9]

The Tao that can be told is not the eternal Tao. The name that can be named is not the eternal name. The nameless is the beginning of heaven and earth. The named is the mother of ten thousand things. Ever desireless, one can see the mystery. Ever desiring, one can see the manifestations. These two spring from the same source but differ in name; this appears as darkness. Darkness within Darkness. The gate to all mystery.

The goal of an artist is to create art, to be creative. As the taoist see it: Only Tao, mother of all things, is invisible and unfathomable, but it is through her manifestations, nevertheless, that all things are created. Alfred North Whitehead expressed his central concept thus: "In the philosophy of organism this ultimate is termed 'creativity' and God is its primordial, non-temporal accident.".[10] The Taoist, says that this ultimate is creativity, that creativity is Tao. Since Tao is inexpressible, explaining it in terms of the process of creativity is merely resorting to a verbal convenience, or, more precisely, a verbal inconvenience. Lao Tsu, of course, faced the same difficulty. In one place he turns to the use of numbers in attempting to describe the process of creativity. But his use of numbers is entirely without conventional meaning. In Chapter 42 of the Tao Te Ching we read:

Poem Forty Two [11]

From the Tao, the One is created; From the One, Two; From the Two, Three; From the Three, Ten Thousand Things.

The numbers as used here are simply intended to suggest the need for an intuitive awareness of the process of differentiation from nondifferentiation, the realization that the multiple diversities of existence emanate from the unity of the absolute realm of Tao. The numbers symbolize what our intellect is unable to explain. The same thing is true of the word process as is used here to try to explain it. Here obliged to resort to such a word in attempting to explain Tao intellectually. Actual creativity requires no intellectual explanation in terms of process. It is, rather, a mere intuitive reflection of things [12]

Von the artist and student of the Tao in his academic thesis explored a subtle comparison of Taoist views and picture making. The first chapters had not dealt with any given technique or style of painting. As is reviewed in the next section (#On The Masters). For it is his view that different styles of expression are merely different directions or roads leading to the same light or oneness. As an artist and a poet Von appreciated Lao Tsu's views. Taking into consideration the idea that the artists mind is the ultimate mirror. For he is the individual who is capable of reflecting the here and now of creation literally onto canvas.[13]

On the Masters[edit]

The style of art found in paintings by Von is primarily influenced by three masters. Pablo Picasso, Paul Gauguin and Georgia O'Keeffe. This is seen through a strong relationship some aspects of the styles of these three masters of the visual arts. In Von's work there is a similarity in the flat shapes, hard edged colours of Pablo Picasso, as well as a smiliarity in the inventiveness of their abstraction.[14][15] There are also smiliarities in Pablo Picasso's distortions of female body in some of his work with some of Von's work.[16]

It was said that when Paul Gauguin first went to Tahiti he was amazed at the colours he was painting with, so much brighter due to the strong tropical light as opposed to France where he was formally.[17] The tropical light and bright colours are also a strong feature of the works of Von. Incidentally the breadfruit and otaheite apple of Jamaica, once indigenous to tahati were shipped to Jamaica by Captain William Bligh. The sailors of captain bligh were mesmerised by the most beautiful of women, the women of Tahiti.[18] Paul Gauguin was also inspired by these beauties.[19] Beautiful women are likewise an inspiration to Von and the study of the female form.[20]

O'Keeffe shows an open spatial awareness, and positive link with nature and her surroundings. This can be attributed to the time she spent living in New Mexico.[21] This connection to nature and open spatial arrangement of work can been seen in Von's work as he has also been influenced by O'Keeffe.

From a broad overview, historically the post impressionists are Cezanne, Gauguin, and Vincent van Gogh. Post impressionsim later lead to Fauvism.[22] Three noteworthy artists of this movement include Matisse, Derain and Dufy. All of modern art has its roots in impressionism, which is similar to how all of modern music has its roots in blues and jazz out which came rock n roll.[23] The innovators of impressionism were Monet, Renoir, Degas, and Toulouse-Lautrec. After post impressionism the most direct continuity was cubism which was invented by Braque, Pabolo Picasso, and Juan Gris. After cubism the most direct move came with the first purely abstract painters of the twenty first century such as Kandinsky, eventually leading to an international abstract art movement including artists such as Jackson Pollock and Willem de Kooning. All of the visual arts are interlinked and connected. Von has studied all the masters and has been in some way influenced by them all. With all these movements that took place in the history of art, Von was born on an island and has interpreted everything in his own way from the time of the impressionists to the present, and invented his own style of painting trying to break new ground and be original in his own way. This style is termed tropical modernism i.e. von Tropic Mod.

Philosophy[edit]

"The Tao is Elusive and Intangible. Oh it is intangible and Elusive, and yet within is image. Oh elusive and intangible and yet within is form. Oh it is dim and dark and yet within is essence." Lao Tsu finally says "thus I perceive the creation." This verse encompasses that mystic unity of the physical and the metaphysical. The verse suggests that link with space and what's within the space if they compliment each other. Just as how light compliments darkness, some given thing, a source of material therefore an image compliments nothing or emptiness, a void. To narrow this aspect of thought let us suggest that this material is our world complimentary to outer space which it is within.[24]

Now the terms nature and super nature include everything which has already been reckoned with. Through the study of nature, which let us say is our visible surroundings, Cezanne came to the conclusion that everything is based on the sphere, the cone and the cylinder.[25] In this statement he did not include the cube which literally means a box, for nothing in nature is constructed from a box. Except perhaps a few seascape cliffs in remote paths for example the Giant's Causeway in Ireland. The cube or the box is a man made form and Cezanne was the first to introduce a slanting of basically rectangular patches of colour in various directions achieving three dimensional solidity and depth. This style of painting he used in landscape breaking up a natural environment. A good example is his paintings on Mont Sainte-Victoire. Sure this was a revolutionary way in seeing and out of it later came cubism, with father of modern art Picasso and Braque. They took this to its ultimate, including African sculpture as inspiration; but the cube or the box is a manmade form totally alien to natural construction unlike the sphere cone and cylinder.

So her in Western society and civilisation i.e. the "western tradition", one looks out the window and there is a city to the horizon with millions of straight lines and boxes. Cubism has even influenced modern architecture. An infinity of boxes within boxes within boxes with people living within boxes. A shape which some African tribes to the day cannot accept, a shape certain American Indian tribes could not accept. Some of their buildings are the adobes of New Mexico. A shape which was uncommon in the splendid eastern a and middle eastern architecture. Von has been inspired by ancient Chinese taoist thought and teaching which holds fast to the core within out losing touch with nature and therefore transcends nature into super nature. In other words, encompassing the mystic unity between the mystical and the metaphysical.[26]

"Oh it is elusive and intangible and yet within is image and form." [27]

Artwork[edit]

New Age English Rose 1999 Eve of Tahiti 1996

Exhibitions[edit]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

1977 Olympia Arts Centre, Kingston, Jamaica 1979 Bolivar Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica 1981 Diplomat Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica 1982 Harmony Hall, Ocho Rios, Jamaica 1983 Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica 1987 Gallery Makonde, Wyndham Hotel, Kingston, Jamaica 1998 New Mutual Life Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica 2004 Grosvenor Gallery, Kingston, Jamaica

Group exhibitions[edit]

1978 Tom Redcam Library, Kingston, Jamaica 1974 London Hilton, England (In Honour of Lord Pitt) 1978–present Annual National Exhibition, National Gallery of Jamaica

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jamaica Journal Published by Institute of Jamaica, 1990 p. 33
  2. ^ The Sunday Herald (Jamaica) 22 March 1998
  3. ^ The Sunday Herald (Jamaica) 22 March 1998
  4. ^ Norton, Grady (1952). "Hurricanes of 1951". U.S. Weather Bureau. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/hurdat/mwr_pdf/1951.pdf. Retrieved 2008-02-08
  5. ^ The Associated Press (1951). "25 Dead, Severe Property Damage in Jamaica Storm". Big Spring Daily Herald. http://www.thehurricanearchive.com/Viewer.aspx?img=96189918_clean&firstvisit=true&src=search&currentResult=0&currentPage=0. Retrieved 2008-02-16
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English "Lao Tsu - Tao Te Ching" Vintage books, 1972. ISBN 0-394-71833-X
  8. ^ Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English "Lao Tsu - Tao te ching" Vintage books, 1972. ISBN 0-394-71833-X
  9. ^ Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English "Lao Tsu - Tao te ching" Vintage books, 1972. ISBN 0-394-71833-X
  10. ^ Alfred North Whitehead, Process and Reality, 1929, P. 11
  11. ^ Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English "Lao Tsu - Tao te ching" Vintage books, 1972. ISBN 0-394-71833-X
  12. ^ Chang Chung-yuan "Creativity and Taoism" A study of Chinese Philosophy, Art, and Poetry Wilwood House Publishing, 1975. ISBN 0 7045 0181 3
  13. ^ Chang Chung-yuan "Creativity and Taoism" A study of Chinese Philosophy, Art, and Poetry Wilwood House Publishing, 1975. ISBN 0 7045 0181 3
  14. ^ "Two Naked Figures" 1908 http://www.pablo-ruiz-picasso.net/work-75.php
  15. ^ "The Deal" http://www.artvontropic.com/USERIMAGES/HE4.jpg
  16. ^ "Trois Femmes Detail" http://www.pablo-ruiz-picasso.net/work-3109.php
  17. ^ Danielsson, Bengt, Gaugin in the South Seas, New York, Doubleday and Company, 1966.
  18. ^ Alexander, Caroline (2003). The Bounty: The True Story of the Mutiny on the Bounty. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 0-670-03133-X.
  19. ^ Mathews, Nancy Mowll, "Paul Gauguin, an erotic life," Yale Univ. Press 2001
  20. ^ The Sunday Herald (Jamaica) 22 March 1998
  21. ^ Roxana Robinson. 1990. Georgia O'Keeffe: A life. Bloomsbury, London. ISBN 0-7475-0557-8
  22. ^ Teitel, Alexandra J. (2005). "History: How did the Fauves come to be?". "Fauvism: Expression, Perception, and the Use of Color", Brown University. Retrieved on 2009-06-18 from http://www.brown.edu/Courses/CG11/2005/Group149/history.htm
  23. ^ Jim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was The First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992), ISBN 0-571-12939-0
  24. ^ Chang Chung-yuan "Creativity and Taoism" A study of Chinese Philosophy, Art, and Poetry Wilwood House Publishing, 1975. ISBN 0 7045 0181 3
  25. ^ Brion, Marcel (1974). Cézanne. Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0500860041
  26. ^ Kramer, Kenneth (1986). World scriptures: an introduction to comparative religions. New York, NY: Paulist Press. ISBN 0-8091-2781-4
  27. ^ Gia-Fu Feng and Jane English "Lao Tsu - Tao Te Ching" Vintage books, 1972. ISBN 0-394-71833-X

External links[edit]