Rikugi-en

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Rikugi-en
六義園
A panoramic view of the Rikugi-en Garden from the Fujishiro-toge hill vantage point. Green trees surround a serene lake.
A view of the Rikugi-en Garden from the Fujishiro-toge hill
LocationBunkyo-ku, Tokyo
Area87,809.41 m2 (945,172.6 sq ft)
Created1938 (1938)
Operated byTokyo metropolitan parks
ParkingNone
Public transit accessKomagome Station
WebsiteOfficial website (in Japanese)
Cherry blossom at Rikugien.jpg
Rikugien at night 04.JPG
2018 Rikugien at night 05.jpg
Rikugi-en 2008-11-29 (3267869359).jpg

Rikugi-en (六義園, [1]) is a Tokyo metropolitan park in Bunkyō-ku. The name Rikugi-en means Garden of the Six Principles, referring to the six elements in waka poetry, based on the traditional division of Chinese poetry into six categories. The park consists of a small pond, trees, and a hill.

History[edit]

The construction of the park took place between 1695 and 1702, and was headed by Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu by permission of the fifth Tokugawa shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi. It is a typical example of a daimyo garden from the Edo period. After the death of Yanagisawa, it was neglected. The founder of Mitsubishi, Iwasaki Yatarō, bought the garden in 1878 and began to restore it.[2] This was continued by his younger brother and successor, Iwasaki Yanosuke. The garden today is about one-third of its original size. In 1938, it was donated to the Tokyo City government. It was specified as a special place of scenic beauty (特別名勝, tokubetsu meishō) by the Japanese government in 1953.[3]

Access[edit]

The park is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. It is a short walk from Komagome Station on the JR Yamanote line and the Tokyo Metro Namboku Line. There are no parking lots.

General admission (junior high school and above) is 300 yen. People over 65 pay 150 yen, and students under junior high school age (and junior high school students living or studying in the Tokyo metropolitan area) may enter for free.

Illuminations[edit]

For short periods during spring and autumn the cherry blossoms and autumn foliage respectively are temporarily lit up and the park remains open until 9 p.m.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ While the Kanji 六 is read roku in go-on (呉音), in this name it is read riku, in kan-on (漢音).
  2. ^ Mansfield. Page 87.
  3. ^ 東京都公園協会. 公園概要 (in Japanese). Archived from the original on September 27, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
  4. ^ Hanaway, Tom Fall Evening Illumination at Rikugien Gardens September 24. 2014 The Japan Times Retrieved on March 23, 2016

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mansfield, Stephen (2011). Japan's Master Gardens - Lessons in Space and Environment (Hardback). Tokyo, Rutland, Singapore: Tuttle. ISBN 978-4-8053-1128-8.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°43′59″N 139°44′48″E / 35.73306°N 139.74667°E / 35.73306; 139.74667