The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (July 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Roadworthiness or streetworthiness is a property or ability of a car, bus, truck or any kind of automobile to be in a suitable operating condition or meeting acceptable standards for safe driving and transport of people, baggage or cargo in roads or streets, being therefore street-legal.
Certificate of Roadworthiness
A Certificate of Roadworthiness (also known as a ‘roadworthy’ or ‘RWC’) shows that your vehicle is safe enough to be used on public roads. A roadworthy is required in the selling of a vehicle. And when it's being re-registered, and to clear some problematic notices.
"roadworthiness certificate" means a road-worthiness test report issued by the competent authority or a testing centre containing the result of the road-worthiness test— DIRECTIVE 2014/45/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC
Roadworthy inspection is designed to check the vehicle to make sure that its important auto parts are in a good (not top) condition that is enough for safe road use. It includes:
- wheels and tyres
- steering, suspensions and braking systems
- seats and seatbelts
- lights and reflectors
- windscreen, and windows including front wipers and washers
- vehicle structure
- other safety related items on the body, chassis or engine
Roadworthy inspection in Europe
In Europe, roadworthy inspection is regulated by regulation Directive 2014/45/EC on Periodic Road-worthiness tests, Directive 2014/47/EC on technical roadside inspections of commercial vehicles and Directive 2014/46/EC.
Directive 2014/45/EC regulates the periodic testing for various kind of vehicles:
- transport of people (M1, M2, M3)
- transport of good (N1, N2, N3)
- trailers of more than 3.5 tonnes (O3, O3)
- tractors of category T5
- since January 2022, two- or three-wheel vehicles in categories L3e, L4e, L5e and L7e, with an engine displacement of more than 125 cm3.
18 of 27 EU member states have required motorcycle owners to have their vehicles checked for road-worthiness.
The directive 2014/45/EC defines obligations and responsibilities, minimum requirements concerning road-worthiness tests, administrative provisions and cooperation and exchange of information.
Minimum requirements concerning road-worthiness tests encompass date and frequency of testing, contents and methods of testing, assessment of deficiencies, road-worthiness certificate, follow-up of deficiencies and proof of test.
The test shall cover at least the following areas:
(0) Identification of the vehicle;
(1) Braking equipment;
(4) Lighting equipment and parts of the electrical system;
(5) Axles, wheels, tires, suspension;
(6) Chassis and chassis attachments;
(7) Other equipment;
(9) Supplementary tests for passenger-carrying vehicles of categories M2 and M3— 2014/45/EC
- Street-legal vehicle
- Vehicle inspection
- Guide to maintaining roadworthiness. Commercial goods and passenger vehicles. PDF file available on the site of BusinessLink, United Kingdom Government. (visited on March 08, 2011)
- Directive 2014/45/EC