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Roadworthiness[1] or streetworthiness is a property or ability of a car, bus, truck or any kind of automobile to be in a suitable operating condition or meeting acceptable standards for safe driving and transport of people, baggage or cargo in roads or streets, being therefore street-legal.

Certificate of Roadworthiness[edit]

A Certificate of Roadworthiness (also known as a ‘roadworthy’ or ‘RWC’) attests that a vehicle is safe enough to be used on public roads. A roadworthy is required in the selling of a vehicle in some countries. It may also be required when the vehicle is re-registered, and to clear some problematic notices.[2]

"roadworthiness certificate" means a road-worthiness test report issued by the competent authority or a testing centre containing the result of the road-worthiness test

— DIRECTIVE 2014/45/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 3 April 2014 on periodic roadworthiness tests for motor vehicles and their trailers and repealing Directive 2009/40/EC

Roadworthy inspection[edit]

Roadworthy inspection is designed to check the vehicle to make sure that its important auto parts are in a good (not top) condition that is enough for safe road use. It includes:[3]

  • wheels and tires
  • mirrors
  • steering, suspensions and braking systems
  • seats and seatbelts
  • lights and reflectors
  • windscreen, and windows including front wipers and washers
  • vehicle structure
  • other safety related items on the body, chassis or engine

Roadworthy inspection in Europe[edit]

In Europe, roadworthy inspection is regulated by regulation Directive 2014/45/EC on Periodic Road-worthiness tests, Directive 2014/47/EC on technical roadside inspections of commercial vehicles and Directive 2014/46/EC.

Directive 2014/45/EC regulates the periodic testing for various kind of vehicles:

  • transport of people (M1, M2, M3)
  • transport of good (N1, N2, N3)
  • trailers of more than 3.5 tonnes (O3, O3)
  • tractors of category T5
  • since January 2022, two- or three-wheel vehicles in categories L3e, L4e, L5e and L7e, with an engine displacement of more than 125 cm3.[4]

18 of 27 EU member states have required motorcycle owners to have their vehicles checked for road-worthiness.

The directive 2014/45/EC defines obligations and responsibilities, minimum requirements concerning road-worthiness tests, administrative provisions and cooperation and exchange of information.

Minimum requirements concerning road-worthiness tests encompass date and frequency of testing, contents and methods of testing, assessment of deficiencies, road-worthiness certificate, follow-up of deficiencies and proof of test.[5]

The test shall cover at least the following areas:

(0) Identification of the vehicle;

(1) Braking equipment;

(2) Steering;

(3) Visibility;

(4) Lighting equipment and parts of the electrical system;

(5) Axles, wheels, tires, suspension;

(6) Chassis and chassis attachments;

(7) Other equipment;

(8) Nuisance;

(9) Supplementary tests for passenger-carrying vehicles of categories M2 and M3

— 2014/45/EC

See also[edit]

Reference list[edit]

  1. ^ Guide to maintaining roadworthiness. Commercial goods and passenger vehicles. PDF file available on the site of BusinessLink, United Kingdom Government. (visited on March 08, 2011)
  2. ^ "Get a Certificate of Roadworthiness". 3 October 2020.
  3. ^ "Get a Certificate of Roadworthiness". 3 October 2020.
  4. ^ Directive 2014/45/EC
  5. ^