3 January 1944 |
Sydney, NSW, Australia
|Other names||Robert William "Bob" Connell
R. W. Connell
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne (B.A (Hons.))
University of Sydney (PhD)
|Occupation||Sociologist, professor, University Chair (University of Sydney)|
|Known for||Research on hegemonic masculinity, men's studies, southern theory|
Raewyn Connell (born 3 January 1944) (also known as R.W. Connell, formerly Robert) is an Australian sociologist. She gained prominence as an intellectual of the Australian New Left. She is currently[when?] Professor Emeritus at the University of Sydney and known for the concept of hegemonic masculinity and her book, Southern Theory. Connell is transgender.
Life and career
Connell was born Robert William Connell on 3 January 1944 in Sydney, Australia. She was educated at Manly and North Sydney High Schools, and has degrees from the University of Melbourne and University of Sydney. She has held academic positions at universities in Australia, including being the founding professor of sociology at Macquarie University 1976–1991.
In the United States Connell was visiting professor of Australian studies at Harvard University 1991–1992, and professor of sociology at University of California Santa Cruz 1992–1995. She was a rank-and-file member of the Australian Labor Party (before the party shifted to the right in the early 1980s), and a trade unionist, currently in the National Tertiary Education Union.
Connell's sociology emphasises the historical nature of social reality and the transformative character of social practice. Her writing tries to combine empirical detail, structural analysis, critique, and relevance to practice. Much of her empirical work uses biographical (life-history) interviewing, in education, family life and workplaces. She has written or co-written twenty-one books and more than 150 research papers. Her work is translated into 16 languages.
Connell serves on the editorial board or advisory board of numerous academic journals, including Signs, Sexualities, The British Journal of Sociology, Theory and Society, and The International Journal of Inclusive Education.
Connell is a trans woman, who completed her gender transition late in life. Almost all her earlier work was published under the gender-neutral name "R. W. Connell", up to the second edition of "Masculinities" in 2005. A few publications are under the names Bob or Robert. Since 2006 all her work has appeared under the name Raewyn Connell. Connell has also written about transsexualism.
Class and education
Connell first became known for research on large-scale class dynamics ("Ruling Class, Ruling Culture", 1977 and "Class Structure in Australian History", 1980), and the ways class and gender hierarchies are re-made in the everyday life of schools ("Making the Difference", 1982).
In the late 1980s she developed a social theory of gender relations ("Gender and Power", 1987), which emphasised that gender is a large-scale social structure not just a matter of personal identity. In applied fields she has worked on poverty and education ("Schools and Social Justice", 1993), sexuality and AIDS prevention, and labour movement strategy ("Socialism & Labor", 1978).
Connell is best known outside Australia for studies of the social construction of masculinity. She was one of the founders of this research field, and her book "Masculinities" (1995, 2005) is the most-cited in the field. The concept of hegemonic masculinity has been particularly influential and has attracted much debate. She has been an advisor to UNESCO and UNO initiatives relating men, boys and masculinities to gender equality and peacemaking.
Connell has developed a sociology of intellectuals that emphasises the collective character of intellectual labour, and the importance of its social context. Her 2007 book Southern Theory extended this to the global dynamics of knowledge production, critiquing the "Northern" bias of mainstream social science which is predominately produced in "metropolitan" universities. In doing so, she argues, metropolitan social theory fails to adequately explain social phenomena in the Southern experience.
She analysed examples of theoretical work deriving from the global South: including the work of Paulin Hountondji, Ali Shariati, Veena Das, Ashis Nandy and Raúl Prebisch. Connell has also examined Southern theories of neoliberalism and gender.
||Politics of the Extreme Right : Warringah, 1966 (Co-written with Florence Gould)||Sydney University Press|
||Ruling Class, Ruling Culture: Studies of Conflict, Power and Hegemony in Australian Life||Cambridge University Press|
||Class Structure in Australian History (Co-written with Terry Irving)||Longman Cheshire|
||Making the Difference: Schools, Families and Social Division (Co-written)||Allen & Unwin|
||Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics||Allen & Unwin|
||Masculinities||Allen & Unwin|
||Male Roles, Masculinities and Violence: A Culture of Peace Perspective (Co-edited)||UNESCO Publishing|
||Southern theory: the global dynamics of knowledge in social science||Polity|
||Gender: in world perspective||Polity|
- Williams-Brooks, Llewellyn (2016). "Radical Theories of Capitalism in Australia: Towards a Historiography of the Australian New Left", Honours Thesis, University of Sydney, viewed 20 April 2017, https://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/handle/2123/16655
- "About Raewyn". raewynconnell.net. Retrieved on 30 November 2012.
- Kuhn, R. (2005) "History of class analysis in Australia"
- "Research publications (complete list)." raewynconnell.net. Retrieved on 30 November 2012.
- "Raewyn in translation" raewynconnell.net. Retrieved on 30 November 2012.
- "Masthead". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. 2012-08-22. Retrieved 2017-08-31.
- "Professor Raewyn Connell, Academic Staff Profile". The University of Sydney. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- "About Raewyn" www.raewynconnell.net. Retrieved on 30 November 2012.
- Connell, Raewyn. 2012. "Transsexual women and feminist thought: toward new understanding and new politics". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, vol. 37 no. 4, 857–881; Connell, R. (2010), "Two cans of paint: A transsexual life story, with reflections on gender change and history", Sexualities, 13(1): 3–19.
- "Faculty of Education and Social Work – Professor Raewyn Connell". University of Sydney. Retrieved on 2 March 2012.
- "Research Project- Market Society on a World Scale" raewynconnell.net. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Roses from the South- Re-Thinking Gender Analysis from a World Perspective" Clayman Institute for Gender Research, Stanford University. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- R. W. Connell and T. H. Irving, Class structure in Australian history, Longman Cheshire, Melbourne, 1980.
- Quotations related to Raewyn Connell at Wikiquote
|Interview with Professor Raewyn Connell|
|Gender Justice Information by Engaging Men via YouTube|