Robert Cowton (fl. 1300) was a Franciscan theologian active at the University of Oxford early in the fourteenth century. He was a follower of Henry of Ghent, and in the Augustinian tradition. He was familiar with the doctrines of Duns Scotus and Thomas Aquinas, and attempted a synthesis of them.
He entered the Franciscan Order before age 13. He presented a commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard around 1310. Later, in an abbreviated form, this became a standard textbook of theology. The work was criticised by Thomas Sutton.
- Antonie Vos, The Philosophy of John Duns Scotus (2006), p. 50.
- Alister E. McGrath, The Intellectual Origins of the European Reformation (2003), p. 84.
- J. I. Catto, Theologians 1220-1320 in The History of the University of Oxford (1984), p. 512.
- William J. Courtenay, Adam Wodeham: An Introduction to His Life and Writings (1978), p. 46.
- M. J. F. M. Hoenen, Marsilius of Inghen: Divine Knowledge in Late Medieval Thought (1993), p. 179.
- Hoenen, p. 46.
- B. Hechich (1958), De Immaculata Conceptione Beatae Mariae Virginis secundum Thomas de Sutton O.P. et Robertus Cowton O.F.M.
- Hermann Theissing (1970), Glaube und Theologie bei Robert Cowton OFM