Robert Dunn (surgeon)
Dunn was a phrenologist and associated at the Westminster Medical Society with others (John S. Streeter, Forbes Winslow and Edward Wright). He was Fellow of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society, along with the phrenologists Thomas Ignatius Maria Forster and Joseph Moore. He was also Fellow of the Obstetrical Society, the Ethnological Society of London, and of the Medical Society of London; and was for many years treasurer to the metropolitan counties branch of the British Medical Association. He practised in London, and died 4 November 1877.
His writings are:
- A Case of Hemiplegia, 1850 (reprinted from The Lancet);
- An Essay on Physiological Psychology, 1858 (a reprint of contributions to the Journal of Psychological Medicine);
- Medical Psychology, 1863 (reprinted from the British Medical Journal);
- Civilisation and Cerebral Development, in Transactions of the Ethnological Society, 1865;
- Ethnic Psychology, in the Journal of the Anthropological Institution, 1874;
- Phenomena of Life and Mind, in the Journal of Mental Science, 1868;
- Loss of Speech, in the British Medical Journal, 1868.
Dunn was one of those proposing theories of social evolution. According to Leslie Hearnshaw, he belonged to the loose school of psychology around W. B. Carpenter. The work Civilisation and Cerebral Development has been discussed as a representative example of the progression of the period from craniometry to conclusions on race. Dunn argued for an environmentalist monogenism.
- Cannan 1888, p. 210.
- Roger Cooter, The Cultural Meaning of Popular Science: phrenology and the organization of consent in nineteenth-century Britain (1984), p. 31; Google Books.
- Lee D. Baker, From Savage to Negro: anthropology and the construction of race, 1896–1954 (1998), p. 245; Google Books.
- Richards, Graham. "Dunn, Robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8280.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Claudia Castañeda, Figurations: child, bodies, worlds (2002), p. 33; Google Books.
- David N. Livingstone, Adam's Ancestors: race, religion, and the politics of human origins (2008), pp. 121–2; Google Books.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Cannan, Edwin (1888). "Dunn, Robert". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 16. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 211.; Endnotes:
- Medical Directory, 1876
- British Medical Journal, 10 November 1877.