Robert Kekewich

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Robert Kekewich

Robert Kekewich.jpg
Robert Kekewich
Born17 June 1854
Died5 November 1914 (1914-11-06) (aged 60)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
RankMajor-General
Battles/warsThird Anglo-Burmese War
Second Boer War
AwardsCompanion of the Order of the Bath
Memorial in Exeter Cathedral

Major-General Robert George Kekewich, CB (17 June 1854 – 5 November 1914) was a Victorian era British Army officer.

Early life[edit]

Kekewich was the second son of Trehawke Kekewich, of Peamore House, near Exeter, Devon, and the grandson of Samuel Trehawke Kekewich. He was also the brother of Sir Trehawke Herbert Kekewich, 1st Baronet and the nephew of the judge Sir Arthur Kekewich. He was educated at Marlborough.

Initial military career[edit]

Entering the British Army through the militia, Kekewich joined the Buffs on 2 December 1874. He fought in the Perak War of 1875-6, and in the Sudan, 1884-5, where he gained a brevet majority. He was employed as Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General in the Sudan campaign of 1888, and afterwards as military secretary to the Commander-in-Chief, Madras, and was engaged in the Third Anglo-Burmese War.[1]

Boer War[edit]

Kekewich was promoted into the Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) and commanded the 1st Battalion of that regiment in the Second Boer War. He commanded the garrison in Kimberley during the siege and successful defence of the town, during which time he came into conflict with Cecil Rhodes who was also present. Following the relief of the town on 15 February 1900, Rhodes persuaded John French, commanding the relief force, to replace Kekewich with another officer as commander of the garrison. Kekewich received a brevet promotion to colonel for his services a week later, on 21 February 1900.[2] In late September 1901 he was wounded in an attack by General de la Rey near Moedwil,[3] but soon recuperated. In April 1902 he was in charge during the British victory at the Battle of Rooiwal, the last major battle during the war. He stayed in South Africa until peace had been signed in June 1902, when he returned to England on the SS Carisbrook Castle, landing at Southampton in early August.[4] In a despatch dated 23 June 1902, Lord Kitchener, Commander in Chief in South Africa during the latter part of the war, wrote how Kekewich had "maintained his high reputation as a fine soldier of character, loyalty and discretion" throughout the war, and concluded that he was "well qualified to hold high command."[5]

For his services Kekewich was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in the April 1901 South Africa Honours list (the award was dated to 29 November 1900;[6] he only received the actual decoration from King Edward VII at Buckingham Palace on 24 October 1902[7]), and on 22 August 1902 he was promoted major general for distinguished service in the Field.[8] In early October 1902 he was placed on half-pay.[9]

Later service and retirement[edit]

Kekewich retired from the army in 1904 but was appointed to the honorary position of Colonel of the Buffs on 5 October 1909.[1]

Character[edit]

The historian Thomas Pakenham describes Kekewich as "a pleasant ... unassuming man" but also a serious, painstaking soldier with strong nerves and diplomatic skills.[10] These traits were needed during the siege of Kimberley when Cecil Rhodes behaved in an emotional and irresponsible manner, undermining Kekewich's leadership and standing with his military superiors.[11]

Death[edit]

On the outbreak of World War I in 1914 General Kekewich was appointed to the 13th (Western) Division, which he commanded until shortly before his death by suicide at the age of 60 on 5 November 1914.[12] In poor health and suffering from depression, Kekewich had been invalided from his command and hospitalized before returning to his home near Exeter.[13] He was buried in St Martin's Churchyard, Exminster, Devon.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Colonel Robert George Kekewich". Boer War. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
  2. ^ "No. 27167". The London Gazette. 20 February 1900. p. 1170.
  3. ^ "The War - Casualties, the attack on Colonel Kekewich". The Times (36577). London. 4 October 1901. p. 8.
  4. ^ "The Army in South Africa - return of troops". The Times (36837). London. 4 August 1902. p. 8.
  5. ^ "No. 27459". The London Gazette. 29 July 1902. pp. 4835–4837.
  6. ^ "No. 27306". The London Gazette. 19 April 1901. p. 2696.
  7. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36908). London. 25 October 1902. p. 8.
  8. ^ "No. 27490". The London Gazette. 31 October 1902. p. 6897.
  9. ^ "No. 27482". The London Gazette. 14 October 1902. p. 6495.
  10. ^ Pakenham, Thomas. The Boer War. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-7474-0976-5.
  11. ^ Pakenham, Thomas. The Boer War. pp. 321–323. ISBN 0-7474-0976-5.
  12. ^ 6 November 1914, New York Times
  13. ^ The ‘Times’ of 7 November 1914
  14. ^ "Robert Kekewich". CWGC Casualty Record. Retrieved 30 December 2015.

External links[edit]