Robert Lee Hale

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Robert Lee Hale (1884–1969) was an American lawyer and economist. He earned an economics degree at Harvard University, and then worked at Columbia Law School. He is known as a legal realist, and his work focused particularly on the distributive impact of legal rules.


  • "Rate Making and the Revision of the Property Concept" (1922) 22 Columbia Law Review 209
  • "Coercion and Distribution in a Supposedly Non.Coercive State." (1923) 38 Political Science Quarterly
  • "Economic Theory and the Statesman" in R G Tugwell (ed.), The Trend of Economics (New York, Knopf, 1924) 189 at 194-5
  • "Economics and Law" in W F Ogburn & A Goldenweiser (eds.), The Social Sciences and their Interrelations (London, Allen & Unwin, 1927) 131 at 132-3
  • "Force and the State: A Comparison of 'Political' and 'Economic' Compulsion" (1935) 35 Columbia Law Review
  • "Prima Facie Torts, Combination, and Non-Feasance" (1946) 46 Columbia Law Review
  • "Bargaining, Duress and Economic Liberty." (1943) 43 Columbia Law Review
  • Freedom Through Law: Public Control of Private Governing Power (1952)

See also[edit]


  • N Duxbury, 'Robert Hale and the Economy of Legal Force' (1990) 53 Modern Law Review
  • D Kennedy, 'The Stakes of Law, or Hale and Foucault!' (1991) 15 Legal Studies Forum 86

External links[edit]