Robert M. Hayes
|Robert M. Hayes|
December 3, 1926 |
New York City, United States
|Residence||Los Angeles, California|
|Known for||Work on information systems and information economy|
Robert M. Hayes (born 1926) is Professor Emeritus and former dean of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science (1974-1989), now the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). An expert on information systems, Hayes began his academic career in mathematics and went on to become a pioneer in the field of information science.
Early life and education
Robert M. Hayes was born on 3 December 1926 in New York City. During his childhood his family moved frequently because of his stepfather's acting career; as a result he attended over sixteen different high schools before receiving his diploma. By that time the United States had entered the Second World War. He was drafted into the Navy, and gained acceptance into the Navy's V-12 program, in the context of which he took courses at the University of Colorado Boulder.
After the War, Hayes completed his B.A. in mathematics at UCLA, in 1946; he went on to earn his M.A. in mathematics there in 1949, and his Ph.D. in 1952. While completing his Ph.D., he worked in information science at the National Bureau of Standards.
Upon receiving his Ph.D. in 1952, Hayes decided to move into industry, and found a position at Hughes Aircraft, where he programmed a computer to fly an airplane. At that time he also taught in UCLA's university-extension program. In 1954, he began working at the National Cash Register Company, and a year later he moved to Magnavox Research Laboratories. His work at Magnavox was related to important developments in information storage and retrieval, such as the Minicard and the Magnacard systems. Eager to share his knowledge in the field with students, he subsequently went into teaching; in the 1950s to 1960s he held teaching positions at American University, the University of Washington, and the University of Illinois, as well as Wright-Patterson Air Force Base.
At the 1962 Seattle World's Fair ("Century 21 Exposition") Hayes led the training program in library automation for the professional staff of the American Library Association (ALA) exhibit, "Library 21", which aimed to introduce online retrieval to the general public.
He and Joseph Becker co-authored Information Storage and Retrieval (1963), the most comprehensive text in the field at the time. He also partnered with Becker in 1969 to found Becker and Hayes Incorporated, for the purpose of creating an interlibrary network for the State of Washington, a goal that they eventually accomplished.
A lecturer in mathematics at UCLA since 1952, Hayes became a full-time professor there in 1964. Around that time he played a role in the formation of the School of Library Service and the Institute for Library Research.
Hayes was president of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, formerly known as the American Documentation Institute, in 1962/1963, and president of the Information Science and Automation Division of the ALA (later known as the Library and Information Technology Association, or LITA), in 1969-1970.
At UCLA he served as dean of the Graduate School of Library and Information Science from 1974 to 1989, and became professor emeritus in 1991.
From 1987 through the 2000s, Hayes was a visiting professor at a variety of institutions internationally, including Nankai University, Tianjin, China; the University of Library and Information Science, Tsukuba Science City, Japan; Keio University, Tokyo; Khazar University, Baku, Azerbaijan; the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia; [University of Osijek|Strossmayer University], Osijek, Croatia; Loughborough University, England; and the University of Graz, Austria.
- Hayes, Robert M. Models for Library Management, Decision-Making, and Planning. San Diego: Academic Press, 2001
- Hayes, Robert M. Strategic Management for Academic Libraries. Westport, CO: Greenwood Press, 1993
- Hayes, Robert M. Libraries and the Information Economy of California. Los Angeles: UCLA, 1985
- Hayes, Robert M. and Becker, Joseph. Handbook of Data Processing for Libraries. New York: Becker and Hayes, 1970 (2nd edition, Wiley, 1974). Winner of Best Information Science Book Award, from ASIS&T, 1971
- Becker, Joseph and Hayes, Robert M. Information Storage and Retrieval: Tools, Elements, Theories. New York: John Wiley, 1963
- "Robert Hayes, Professor Emeritus", faculty page at UCLA Department of Education & Information Studies
- Transcript of oral history interview with Robert Hayes, conducted by Sarah Buchanan, on August 5, 2010. Los Angeles Chapter of ASIS&T
- "Robert M. Hayes" biographical page (April 14, 1999), in "Index of Information Science Pioneers", Pioneers of Information Science in North America: A Project of SIG/HFIS (History and Foundations of Information Science), American Society of Information Scientists (ASIS). Website hosted by the University of South Carolina. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- "Robert M. Hayes interviewed by Colin B. Burke at Los Angeles, California" (February 26, 2001). Philadelphia: Chemical Heritage Foundation. Oral History Transcript 0217. Library catalog record summary available online via othmerlib.chemheritage.org; retrieved 2016-11-24.
- "Robert Hayes" [faculty profile]. UCLA Graduate School of Education & Information Studies. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- "Brief Biography of Robert M. Hayes", in 2009 faculty page. Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- Bourne, Charles P.; Hahn, Trudi Bellardo (2003). A History of Online Information Services, 1963-1976. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ISBN 0262025388. p. 49, 52.
- "Past Presidents". Association for Information Science and Technology. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- "LITA Presidents". Library and Information Technology Association (LITA), division of the American Library Association. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- Hayes, Robert M. (2009). "Robert M. Hayes, Professor Emeritus" [faculty page]. Graduate School of Education & Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- "Best Information Science Book Award: Past Winners". Association for Information Science and Technology (ASIS&T). Retrieved 2016-11-25.