Robert Pashley (4 September 1805 – 29 May 1859) was a 19th-century English traveller and economist.
Pashley was born in York and he studied at Trinity College, Cambridge. Distinguished in mathematics and Classics, in 1830 he was elected a Fellow of Trinity at his first sitting. In 1832 he took his MA degree, and as a travelling Fellow undertook a journey in Italy, Greece, Asia Minor and Crete, of which he published his two-volume Travels in Crete. His work is considered a classic of writing on the Ottoman Empire, with his detailed observations on local geography, customs, and social issues.
- 1837: Called to the Bar by the Society of Inner Temple
- 1838: Lost his valuable library and antiquities in fire at Temple
- 1851: Appointed as a member of Her Majesty's Counsel
- 1852: Stood for Parliament (but not elected)
- 1853: Married to a Prussian lady, Marie, the only daughter of Baron Von Lauer of Berlin. They had three children.
- He went on to publish two works on economics: On Pauperism (1854), and Observations on the government bill for abolishing the Removal of the Poor (1854).
He was buried at the Kensal Green cemetery.
Studies of Crete
Pashley was one of the foremost researchers of Cretan culture in the first half of the nineteenth century. Pashley was the first one to work out the location of the ancient buried city of Cydonia, relying only on ancient literature, without the aid of archaeological recovery. In his travel to Crete in 1830 he observed that Greek was the common language of the island that was then part of the Ottoman Empire, even though a substantial part of the population was then Muslim.
- "Pashley, Thomas (PSLY825R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Robert Pashley, Travels in Crete, 1837, J. Murray
- C. Michael Hogan, Cydonia, The Modern Antiquarian, 23 January 2008 
- Molly Greene, A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean, 2000, Princeton University Press, 228 pages ISBN 0-691-00898-1